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California. 






Leaves that fling 
A whorling pattern 
On the summer sky 
And strum 
A muted tremolo 
For mid-day sleep. 



Golden-Rain Tree 
in Zoo Picnic Area 

Photograph by 
Sim Richards 



San Diego County's 
Garden Magazine 
Since 1909 

August-September, 

1964 

Vol. 55, No. 4 

35 cents 



FLOWER SHOWS 



1964 



August 

DAHLIA SHOW 

1 Saturday 2-8 p.m. 

2 Sunday 10 a.m. -7 p.m. 

September 

BEGONIA AND 
SHADE PLANT SHOW 

6 Saturday 2-6 p.m. 

6, 7 Sun. and Mon. 9 a.m.- 6 p.m. 

FALL FLOWER 
ARRANGEMENT SHOW 

12 Saturday 2-5 p.m. 

13 Sunday 10 a.m. -5 p.m. 



CONFERENCE BUILDING 
BALBOA PARK 

S.D. County Dahlia Society 

LA. COUNTY ARBORETUM 
ARCADIA 

American Begonia Society 

FLORAL BUILDING 
BALBOA PARK 

S.D. Floral Association 



SANTA BARBARA GARDEN TOURS 



August 7 through September 4 

Friday afternoons only 

August 13-14-15 Fiesta Week 

Afternoons only 



TOUR OF MONTECITO 
SANTA BARBARA AND 
HOPE RANCH PARK 



Fall Flower Arrangement Classes at the Floral Building, Balboa Park. 
For information call Mrs. Roland S. Hoyt, Chairman 296-2757 

1. Arts and Crafts. Begins Sept. 15. 10 a.m. First and Third Tuesdays. 
Instructor: Mrs. Arthur J. Mitchell. 

2. Flower Arrangement Demonstration Class. Begins Aug. 31, 9:30 a.m. 
Last Monday of Month. Extra Class on Aug. 3. 

Instructor: Mrs. J. R. Kirkpatrick. 



EDITORIAL 



After three top editions of Cali- 
fornia Garden our Editor, Janet Rich- 
ards, found her time too limited to 
continue. We bow low to the four 
parts of the compass in the hope that 
the God of Gardens will smile on us 
again. 

Good News! Whaley House has a 
new sign, of appropriate design, stat- 
ing hours and admission prices, thanks 
to the Torrey Pines chapter of the 
D.A.C. It is to be hoped that the 
Gateway to Presidio Park Fund will 
swing up soon. If Mr. Marston could 
give us this park surely we can at 
least secure for it a gracious entrance. 
Send donations, tax deductible, to 
Park and Recreations, Balboa Park. 

In a sense this issue celebrates Ro- 
land Hoyt's recent Fellowship in the 
ASLA. Notice we featured TREES 
on both front and back covers! See 
how the reporter who interviewed Mr. 
Hoyt caught the philosophy behind 
the man in the reprint from the San 
Diego Union. The press release was 
quoted direct. And that article on 



the Jacaranda — its pure Hoyt. 

To R. H., plants have always been 
more than the job. He has fought 
for them all the way, sometimes to 
preserve an outstanding specimen, like 
the Kate Session's Tipuana, sometimes 
to make better room for more trees 
by putting sidewalks next to curbs, 
sometimes, as with the Jacaranda, to 
bring color onto the streets, and some- 
times to protect our natural resources, 
such as the Torrey Pines. His Sub- 
tropical book is a garden bible. As 
editor and contributor, he has been 
the backbone of CALIFORNIA GAR- 
DEN for years, because it seeks the 
same goals he strives for. 

Mr. Hoyt does not need our words 
to add to his stature because, down 
the years, the living things that have 
been planted across the county because 
his hand put the circles on the draft- 
ing board, will keep on growing, to 
harbor birds that sing, to cast grate- 
ful shade, and to bear flowers that 
will brighten the heart of future 
generations. 



CALIFORNIA 
GARDEN 

bi-monthly magazine 



Only $2 a year 

(add $1 for foreign postage) 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 

Balboa Park 

San Diego I , Calif. 



Please enter my subscription: 



50 YEARS AGO 

The Exposition year of 1915 is 
drawing nearer. Today it is a few- 
months ahead, tomorrow it will be but 
days, and with all our preparations we 
seem to have overlooked or rather not 
ever to have thought of a simple 
scheme for decoration that would in- 
sist upon the visitors' attention. It is 
a recognized fact that much repetition 
secures general notice — it is an axiom 
in advertising. Why has not San 
Diego adopted one flower as its badge 
for 1915? This flower should be 
cheap, easily raised from seed, a long 
bloomer and striking in color. The 
seed should be distributed free to 
every one with a garden, and each 
should be urged to grow some in a 
conspicuous part of his ground. The 
Parks should have patches of it every- 
where. All public buildings should 
show it, and vacant lots all around 
over the city should be planted with 
it . . . and added to the specifications 
should be the proviso that this flower 
be distinctly western, San Diegan if 
possible, so that it will not incite the 
remark, "We grow that back in old 
Kentucky." 

Alfred D. Robinson 
Original editor of 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 



June 4, 1964 

Because oi a heart condition my 
garden work has been very much lim- 
ited so I see no reason for continuing 
your most interesting publication. I 
have so much enjoyed every issue I 
can't part with a single one and they 
do pile up. The Begonian and my 
Sunset, which is paid for for another 



year, will have to carry me through 
though I know I shall miss the Cali- 
fornia GARDEN. 

Mrs. C. D. Gilmore 
P.S. Oh, dear ! I just can't do this. 
Still have many plants that need care 
with the help of your wonderful ar- 
ticles. So — here is my S2.00 cash. 

Mrs. G. 



SAN DIEGO'S GARDEN CENTER (in Balboa Park) 

needs your Donations and Bequests 

NOW and for your TAX DEDUCTIONS 

consult a Trust Officer (Stanley Miller, for instance) 

at 



San Diego 

Savings D<H1K 



San Diego's Pioneer Independent Bank 
OUR 75th YEAR 



^\ ^^^ ^Mrtiitru In ^J4air ^Jjedian 




1180 Rosecrans 

San Diego 
phone 224-3209 

Virginia Georgion, Mgr. 

OPEN EVENINGS FOR YOUR 
CONVENIENCE 



WINNER OF 165 TROPHIES 



CURTIS COLEMAN CO. REALTORS 

SINCE 1913 

SALES LEASES REAL ESTATE LOANS PROPERTY MANAGEMENT 

Suite 2100, United States National Bank Bldg. 
Centre City, San Diego 1, Calif. 233-6557 



June 3, 1964 
Enclosed rind check for renewal of 

Subscription tO CALIFORNIA GARDEN 

and for three copies of the June-July 
issue 1964. There are several articles 
including Mr. Jerabek's article on 
street trees, Dr. Whittaker's Torrey 
Pines Association and Alice Clark's on 
epiphyllums which I want to pass on 
to others. 

Congratulations to the San Diego 
Floral Association for maintaining such 
a high standard of community activi- 
ties and particularly, its useful, in- 
teresting and stimulating publication. 

Pearl Chase, Chairman 
Plans and Planting Committee 
Community Arts Association of 
Santa Barbara, California. 



June 14, 1964 
Having discovered the "arboretum" 
aspect of the San Diego Zoo in the 
first of Mr. Jerabek's tours (Aug.-Sept. 
1962) and relishing each subsequent 
issue of California garden, I finally 
returned to the Zoo today with a large 
contingent of my family and all of 
the four Tour issues. From the mo- 
ment we passed through the entrance, 
I found myself guiding our group 
through each mesa and canyon like a 
pro. 
I was able to identify each animal 
exhibit by its unusual and dramatic 
landscaping. Then I easily led our 
group to the picnic area under the 
Chinese Flame trees near the huge rub- 
ber trees that contrast sharply with the 
frost-bitten specimens in our San Fer- 
nando Valley. 

My family was delighted with all 
they saw in only four hours under my 
guidance. But the thanks rightfully 
goes to the good company of your 
articles, the real guide to all our en- 
joyment today. 

(Mrs.) Sue Greenfield 

Woodland Hills, Calif. 

P.S. Enclosed is my $2.00 renewal, 
a few months in advance. 



LAWN MOWER SALES & SERVICE 
PRECISION SHARPENING 

SEEMAN'S NURSERY 

Always Quality Stock 



Delivery Days - Tuesday and Friday 

Phone 282-0031 

4339 Fairmount Ave. San Diego 5 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 196 i 



Garden tours will recess in August 
but two low-maintenance gardens of- 
fered for this "off-season" month 
should bring out the travelers and 
others who have neither time nor 
energy for heavy garden upkeep. Both 
places have been designed by land- 
scape architects, Wimmer and Yamada, 
with this object in mind. Both gar- 
dens are on a downhill slope in Mis- 
sion Hills with a view of the valley 
seen through a curtain of eucalyptus 
trees. 

Sunday, September 27, 2 to 5 p.m. 



GARDEN 
TOURS 
FOR 
MEMBERS 



More than two hundred enthusias- 
tic gardeners turned out for the June 
visits to the fabulous rose garden of 
Mrs. Kenneally in Loma Portal and 
the delightful patio garden of Mr. 
Sinjen in Ocean Beach. 





Tour 1 — Garden of Dr. and Mrs. 
Hodge Crabtree at 4521 Trias St. 

Many young podocarpus or Fern 
Pine, weeping gray acacias and various 
pines frame the approach to this mod- 
ern home designed by architects Lieb- 
hardt and Weston. Different types of 
ceanothus and ground covers hold 
back the slooping areas. 



Tour 2 — Garden of Mr. and Mrs. 
Howard Chernoff at 4522 Trias St. 

The wood-paved entrance to this 
home by architect Lloyd Ruocco is 
overhung by a large specimen Victor- 
ian Box Pittosporum undulatum and 
groups of the lower P. tob'tra. To off- 
set the roots of neighboring eucalyptus, 
seasonal flowering trees and shrubs are 
grown in large tubs in front of the 
high redwood fence that encloses the 
garden. There is an effective use of 
native toyons and an oak tree. 





A Laurel Wreath for Walter Andersen for his landscape 
garden at the Fair, which won blue ribbon acclaim fro??/ all. 
and for his longtime cooperation on civic garde?? affairs. 



In July, Rosecroft Gardens on 
Point Loma were crowded with mem- 
bers who had planned ahead to take 
advantage of the special invitation of 
Mrs. Hunter and her son, Jerry, to en- 
joy the colorful night lighting of the 
landscaped grounds and the tuberous 
begonias at the height of their bloom. 



You are invited to 
become a member of 






teao 
55ociation 



Membership includes: 

• Monthly meetings featuring 
outstanding speakers 

• A monthly Sunday afternoon 
garden tour 

• Subscription to CALIFORNIA 
GARDEN bi-monthly 

• Use of a large horticultural 
library 

Fill in box with membership desired and 
mail with check to 

San Diego Floral Association 
Balboa Park, San Diego I, Calif. 

Classification of Memberships: 

Individual $ 3.50 □ 

Family ... $ 5.50 □ 

Sustaining $ I 0.00 □ 

Contributing $25.00 □ 

Nam e 

Address 



Zip. 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 




Cialdene'i's 
(dualist - ^ebtemoeh. 



During hot-weather months the 
Southern California gardener enjoys 
a period of relaxation, an opportunity 
to sit back (in the shade) and enjoy 
the fruits of his labors. Summer- 
blooming annuals and perennials are 
at their height of bloom, as are flower- 
ing tropicals. Hopefully, garden pests 
are under control by this time, so that 
irrigation remains the only major task. 
So relax and enjoy your garden! 

"Psychological gardening" is a neg- 
lected art, regretfully. A timely illus- 
tration would be the effect of coolness 
which can easily be achieved in the 
garden to relieve the heat of summer. 
Tones of blue and white combined 
with the greens of lawn and foliage 
have long been recognized as "cool 
colors." The sight and sound of run- 
ning water takes the sting out of the 
hot sun and wind, especially when 
used in combination with a shady area 
created possibly by a fast-growing vine 
on a small arbor. Plants usually as- 
sociated with water can heighten the 
effect. Many a new house on a raw 
site scraped out of a hillside has been 
transformed into a delightfully cool 
and refreshing spot by using these 
techniques, and in a short while. 

There is a wide range of white- 
flowering plants and shrubs well 
known to gardeners, but blue is a color 
more difficult to find in more-or-less 
permanent plants. Suggestions would 
include shrub nierembergia, the im- 
proved "Santa Anita" felicia or agath- 
aea, common plumbago and the rarer 
Chinese plumbago species, eranthe- 
mum, sollya, ceanothus, Solatium 
wendlandii and S. rantonetti, the du- 
rantas, stokesia, agapanthus, oxypeta- 
lum, thunbergias, salvias, veronicas, 
convolvulus mauretanicus, campanula, 
iochroma and passion vines. 

The cutflower garden is now simul- 
taneously in two stages: the last plant- 
ing of "summer" annuals, and the first 
planting of winter and spring flowers 
and bulbs. One last planting of zin- 
nias, asters, dwarf dahlias, celosia, 



marigolds and related warm-weather 
annuals will mature rapidly and give 
bloom often up until the holidays. 
And toward the end of this period our 
first plantings of cinerarias, stock, 
snaps, primroses, Iceland poppies, 
violas and pansies will go in — progres- 
sively from Labor Day in beach area 
until the end of the month as we go 
inland. Similarly, cool-season vege- 
tables are often planted starting in Sep- 
tember and reward with early and 
heavy crops if we don't have an excess 
of hot, dry weather in the fall. 

Winter and spring bulbs will be 
coming into nurseries in late August 
and in September — some to be planted 
immediately, others to be refrigerated 
for a month or so before planting, 
and some which, with staggered plant- 
ings, will extend the regular blooming 
season. Freesias, anemones, leucojums, 
crocus and ranunculus usually are first 
planted and are followed by narcissus 
and daffodils, allium, sparaxis, ixias, 
Peruvian scilla, watsonias, tulips (after 
a month's refrigeration), grape and 
Roman hyacinths, ornithogalum, tri- 
tonias, and white callas. 

Brave souls in cooler locations may 
try lily-of-the valley pips after refrig- 
erating them, and experienced garden- 
ers will continue planting glads 
throughout the year. Shade gardeners 
will be getting cyclamen bulblets under 
way, and collectors will be on the 
lookout for oxalis species, crinums, 
amarcrinums, galanthus, giant allium, 
tree dahlias, sprekelia and native calo- 
chortus. 

Everyone will be well advised to 
purchase a large sack of bonemeal for 
all their bulbs, avoid manures in pre- 
paring soil, and follow competent in- 
struction as to depth of planting. 

An earlier reference to vines for 
quick shade brings to mind both the 
neglect of vines in contemporary plant- 
ings and their misuse — which doubt- 
less has brought about much of the 
neglect. Landscape architects notor- 
iously avoid the use of vines, other 



CALIFORNIA 
GARDEN 



AUGUST-SEPTEMBER, 1964 
VOLUME 55 NO. 4 

CONTENTS 

Three Native Species of Ribes 

Jacqueline Broughton 8 

A Garden, Bright with Flowers 

Mary Marston -TO 

The Carnation 

Alice Mary Rainford -.11 

Ouaint Beliefs 

Juanito V. Jabat 12 

Verdant Vision 

Michael O'Connor 14 

Roland Hoyt Fellowship 

ASLA ... 15 

Zoo Plants on a Map 

Chauncy I. ferabek 16 

Spuria Iris 

Walker Ferguson 22 

Plans for Play-yards 

Dorothy Sajfer 24 

Cactus Highlights 

Helen Marie Stegar 26 

DEPARTMENTS 

Garden in August and September 

Ed Ogden 5 

Books 

Alice Mary Greer 7 

Roland Hoyt Recommends 

The Jacaranda 13 

Flower Shows 2 

Letters to the Editor 3 

Garden Tours for Members 4 

Calendar of Care 27 

Dahlias Fuchsias Camellias 
.Roses Begonias 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN 

Published Bi-Monthly by the 

SAN DIEGO FLORAL ASSOCIATION 

Floral Association Building, Balboa Park 

Office hours: M-W-F, 10-3. Phone 232-5762 

All rights reserved. 

Advertising rates on request. 

Editor - ..Alice M. Clark 

Assistant editor Janet Richards 

Advertising Joan Betts, Alice M. Clark 

Office Manager Rosalie F. Garcia 

CONTRIBUTING EDITORS 

Dorothy S. Behrends Alice M. Greer 

Chauncy I. Jerabek Larry Sisk 

Roland S. Hoyt Donald A. Wilson 

Harvey Short Morrison Doty 

Alice W. Heyneman Helen Marie Steger 

Subscription $2.00 per year; Foreign coun- 
tries $3.00. California Garden is on the list 
of publications authorized by the San Diego 
Retail Merchants Association. 
Entered as second-class matter, Dec. 8, 1910 
at the Post Office at San Diego, California 
under the Act of March 3, 1879. 



than as cascades and ground covers, 
most likely because vines normally do 
impose some requirement for attention 
during the year. Yet without excep- 
tion all the showplaces and botanical 
gardens feature vines as basic ele- 
ments. Just remember that most vines 
can easily over-grow the spot you've 
chosen, and select your vines for scale 
in proportion to their location. 

New and unusual vines now avail- 
able to gardeners include a miniature 
cissus, C. striata, a tendril climber 
which also clings to rougher surfaces 
and spreads a delicate tracery of lush 
palmate leaves against a wall; The 
Royal Trumpet Vine, Distktus rivers//, 
almost everblooming with violet trum- 



pets and yellow throat and pest-free 
foliage, now generally available in 
larger nurseries; Clerodendron thotn- 
sonae, the Bleeding Heart Vine, ever- 
blooming away from the coast on a 
hot, sunny, wind-protected wall; Mueh- 
lenbeck'/a complexa, versatile in its ap- 
plication to cascades over seaside cliffs 
practically into the surf or on arbors 
for its delicate pendant foliage; Man- 
ett'/a bicolor, a vine for close-up view- 
ing everblooming even in chilliest lo- 
cations with tiny tangerine trumpets 
lipped with gold, restrained in habit 
for the entryway or intimate patio; 
Camps/s rad/cans. an almost evergreen 
native of the midwest, wide-spreading, 
which in our climate produces finely 




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cut pest-free foliage and blooms from 
Memorial Day until Thanksgiving 
with clusters of orange-bronze trum- 
pets; Tec on/ a macken/i. Queen Anne 
Trumpet Vine, evergreen in frost-free 
areas, observed on tile roofs at the 
Del Mar Fairgrounds with clusters of 
veined pink trumpets from Memorial 
Day until the holidays. Ipomaea 
'Daini: an evergreen morning glorv 
with a profusion of blue flowers 
through the warm months; Pass/ flora 
racemosa (pr/nceps). the variety with 
racemes of coral blossoms pendant 
from pest-free (unusual for the genus) 
foliage; Asparagus f ale at us. ultimately 
a very large line-mass with feathery 
foliage only for the shadowy side of 
a building, but drougth-resistant and 
pest-free; Oxer a pulchella. lush ever- 
green foliage and fragrant white trum- 
pets for shelter, sunny locations and 
Solan// m trend land//, whose large 
flower heads give the truest blue of 
all vines, wide-spreading, and decidu- 
ous even in its own tropical native 
land. These vines can now be found 
commercially, are most rewarding, 
with an occasional cutting-back and 
thinning, and do more to soften the 
hard structure of our everyday life 
than anything except, possibly, music. 
A word for a relatively new — and in 
our minds, essential — soil amendment. 
Shredded firbark, available under sev- 
eral brand names, is enabling us to 
grow many alkali-sensitive plants 
which five years ago were thought to 
be impossible in our Colorado-River- 
water areas. Rare begonias, ferns, 
rhododendrons, orchids — today are be- 
ing grown without much concern for 
our old nemesis, alkali. Rhododen- 
drons carried over from prior years 
produce better and harder foliage than 
those brought in from Oregon; our 
orchid growers are taking prizes over 
more fortunate growers who can irri- 
gate with mountain water; a number 
of nurseries are propagating and grow- 
ing their own azaleas, as opposed to 
the idea a few years ago that an azalea 
was an imported pot plant to be 
thrown out when bloom was past; and 
ferns, camellias, azaleas, gardenias, 
begonias, such shade plants as fuchsias, 
begonias, impatiens, streptocarpus, col- 
umneas and campanulas, all are re- 
sponding to soil preparation incorpor- 
ating shredded firbark as the basic 
amendment. The material is very acid. 
dries quickly, fluffs the soil and keeps 
it light due to its slow decomposition, 
and many growers feel that the tannin 
it contains in some way helps neutral- 
ize some of the alkaline salts. 

Ed Ogden 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



BOOKS 



Reviewed by ALICE MARY GREER 



How Plants Get Their Names: L. 
H. Bailey. Dover Pub. Co., N.Y. 
1963. 180 pages, paperbound, 
SI. 15. 

The L. H. Bailey style of writing 
has always been unsurpassed by that 
of any other horticulturist; there is 
charm, poetic imagination, eloquence, 
scientific knowledge and accuracy, all 
accompanied by undoubted authority. 
There is nothing mundane, common- 
place, nor categorical to lull the reader; 
every page pulls on because it gleams 
with the unappeasable ardor of the 
great L. H. Bailey. A scattering of 
sketches, drawings and reproductions 
adds interest. Type is good. 

Six sections make up this inviting 
little book, each section valuable. Of 
exceptional interest is the chapter 
giving the usual meaning or signifi- 
cance of Latin adjectives when em- 
ployed in botanical binomials, pre- 
ceded by explanations, all to the end 
that the reader may find more joy in 
incorporating names of precision in 
customary speech and more satisfac- 
tion in spelling them. This is a very 
delightful section. 

So here is a rare combination, a 
very clearly written, accurate hand- 
book, an enthusiastic, literary treatise 
interwoven with scientific acumen, 
that should be in the library of all 
gardeners, amateur botanists, horti- 
culturists and students of science. 



The Complete Book Of Artificial 
Flowers: Fruit And Foliage: Mimi 
Schmitt. Hearthside Press. 1964. 
S4.95. 

Again Hearthside Press has come 
out with a "first"- —the only book so 
far published about that multi-million 
dollar business, artificial flowers. Mimi 
Lawrence Schmitt brings to the field 
of permanent flower arranging her ex- 
perience as the owner of a large arti- 
ficial flower shop and her skill in han- 
dling fresh materials for which she is 
very well known in the Connecticut 
region. 

She tells how to make easily created 
permanent arrangements that are satis- 



fying from every aspect. 

As a flower arranger of live ma- 
terial and a flower show judge, I was 
prejudiced when I began reading the 
book. Now, I must confess, that after 
following Mimi Schmitt's work, my 
aversion to the usual run of permanent 
arrangements and their materials is 
much modified, all because the writer 
holds basically sound theories, pre- 
sented in a convincing and entertain- 
ing manner. She stresses the art prin- 
ciples and elements, which are the 
backbone of her concepts and prac- 
tices. She never misses a hand. The 
most fastidious flower arranger could 
find no fault in her executions. 

The greatest objection; are we will- 
ing to substitute artificial media for 
live material? Examine some of the 
current flower show schedules; there 
are listed classes featuring artificial 
materials. So we may be forced to 
change our song. Confess; haven't 
you used bunches of artificial grapes 
or a pear to give the necessary touch 
to an arrangement? 

Skilled arrangers, amateurs allergic 
to native plants, (bless them) interior 
designers, florists, will find Mimi 
Schmitt a helpful guide. Those who, 
in the beginning, may scoff, will later 
applaud. 



Flower Arranging: Loret Swift, Arco 
Publishing Co., I960. 144 pages. 
S2.50. 

Because flower arrangement books 
are virtually a drug on the market, it 
would seem hard to find a new ap- 
proach to the subject, yet Loret Swift 
has found one. She divides her book 
into two parts. The first part gives de- 
tails on the various elements and 
principles involved in creating an ar- 
rangement. The second part consists 
of an album of arrangements, devoted 
to floral designs for specific occasions 
and places, dried arrangements, win- 
dow boxes, corsages. 

To you this may be just another 
flower arrangement book, but to others 
it may be a very helpful, practical 
puide and "self teacher." 



How To Make Gardening Fun: Dr. 
George and Nora Jorgenson. Ex- 
position Press, New York, 1963. 
86 pages, S3.00 

In a rather mundane appearing lit- 
tle book 86 pages long, Dr. George 
and Nora Jorgenson attempt to make 
gardening appear fun simply by the 
use of leaf feeding. 

An outline of the author's pro- 
cedures with various kinds of plants 
found in the average backyard garden, 
flowers, fruits, vegetables, is helpful. 
All plant life responds to foliar feed- 
ing by a more satisfying growth and 
yield impetus. The flavor and tender- 
ness of fruits and vegetables are vastly 
stepped up. 

Complete Guide To Gardening. Arco 
Publishing Co. 1948. S2.50. 

A very well-balanced book, enliv- 
ened with fine illustrations, lives up 
to its title, "complete." 

There is much, for the beginner. 
For specialists and the experienced 
gardener there are discussions of herb 
gardens, espaliering and plant dis- 
eases. 

The Gardener's Year: Carel Capek. 
Dover Publications, 1963. Trans- 
lated from the Czech by M. and 
R. Weatherall, 111 pages, paper- 
bound, $1.00. 

This easily-handled little book with 
59 delightfully whimsical line draw- 
ings done by Josef Capek, has a mel- 
lowness and charm that places it in the 
class of easy, light, humorous garden 
literature . . . granted that at times 
the humor seems forced and tiresome. 

Beginning with uncompromising 
January and continuing through the 
vagaries of a gardener's cycle, the 
chronicle ends with December, when 
"only now, when the garden is buried 
in snow, does he remember that he 
has forgotten something; to look at 
it." 

This is a book that can be read with 
pleasure — not for information — by 
either arm or arm-clair gardeners. 



John toles 
book*cira1 



raft shop 

7571 li>anhoe Avenut 
Ua folia (California 

454-47AA 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 




SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR 



THREE NATIVE SPECIES OF RIBES 

FOR CALIFORNIA GARDENS 

Fuchsia- flowered Gooseberry 

By Jacqueline Broughton 



Currants and Gooseberries flower 
in the spring and have attractive fol- 
iage throughout the year. The berries 
of currants are smooth and those of 
gooseberries are spiny but both groups 
belong to the genus Ribes. Three 
species that have been grown in the 
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden for sev- 
eral years and are excellent plants for 
home gardens are Chaparral Currant, 
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry and Ever- 
green Currant. 

Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry, Ribes 
speciosum is one of the earliest of 
the spring-flowering plants. This 
gooseberry is a partly deciduous shrub, 
about three to six feet tall. The 
rounded leaves, more or less three - 
lobed, are bright green above and 
somewhat paler beneath. Its long, 
spreading branches are tawny in color, 
bristly along their length, and spiny 
at the nodes. However, the covering 
on the stems does not detract from 
the beauty of the flowers. They are 
bright scarlet bells, about an inch long. 



that hang singly or in small groups 
along at least half the length of the 
branches. The red berries are half an 
inch in diameter and very bristly. 

Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry grows 
in shaded canyons at low elevations 
and occurs in a band along the coast 
from Santa Clara County to Baja Cali- 
fornia. 

It is an excellent plant for home 
gardens, being both drought and heat 
tolerant and adapted to almost any 
soil. Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry is 
rapid growing and most successful in 
full or part shade. Summer watering 
is preferred to maintain an evergreen 
condition. If not watered this plant 
will lose its leaves in the summer. It 
may be used as an accent, a specimen 
or a low barrier. The shiny green 
leaves are attractive throughout the 
year and the splash of red flowers in 
early spring is a welcome touch. 

Ribes speciosum was first collected 
by Dr. Menzies of the Vancouver Ex- 
pedition. Seed was later taken by Dr. 



Collie, surgeon to the Beechey Expe- 
dition, and the plant was brought into 
cultivation in 1828. 

One species, interesting because it 
is quite unlike other currants, is Ribes 
liburnijoUum, Evergreen Currant. 
This is a low shrub with spreading, 
cane-like branches. Although it is 
rarely more than two feet tall, it may 
be as much as eight feet in diameter. 
The wine-red stems contrast with the 
dark, glossy green leaves which are 
oval in outline and quite fragrant. 
The leaves of many other currants are 
lobed or cut; these are nearly entire. 
Its deep rose flowers, produced on 
short branches along the arching 
stems, are small but numerous, and 
give the plant a copper-colored cast 
in early spring. 

Evergreen Currant is native to chap- 
arral and canyons of Santa Catalina 
Island and Baja California. It was 
first collected in Todos Santos Bay in 
Lower California and it was first 
grown in England from seed received 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



in 1897. The probable collector of 
this seed was Mrs. Trask, an early resi- 
dent of Santa Catalina Island. She re- 
ported that this plant — "thrives in 
all parts of the island in moist places." 

Since 1897 Evergreen Currant has 
been grown occasionally in gardens. 
It is rapid growing, drought tolerant 
and well suited to coastal regions. 
Growth is best if it is planted in part 
or full shade. In full sunlight it is 
more compact but it is also subject to 
yellowing in the summer. Some water 
in the summer is necessary to main- 
tain the evergreen condition. Rooting 
will occur along the stems and erect 
shoots should be pegged down for 
a uniform ground cover. Evergreen 
Currant may be used on banks, as a 
high ground cover or as a facer. It 
grows well under oaks. 

Chaparral Currant, Kibes malvaceum 
is an erect, deciduous shrub that be- 
comes three to seven feet high. The 
leaves have a spicy smell, are rounded 
in outline and may be three to five 
lobed. They are rather thick and 
roughened and have gland-tipped hairs 
that give the plant a dull green color. 
The flowers, which are pale pink and 
about half an inch long, occur near 
the tips of drooping branches. These 
produce rounded purple-black berries 
covered with a waxy substance. Since 
the berries are excellent bird food, this 
plant is recommended to those who 
wish to attract birds to the garden. 

Chaparral Currant is a hardy garden 
plant. It grows moderately rapidly 
when planted in part sun and, al- 
though drought tolerant, it will not 
be harmed by summer watering. It 
provides contrast in a mixed planting 
or may be used as an erect filler. 

In the wild, Chaparral Currant 
grows in dry wooded areas or on 
open hillsides below 2,500 feet. It 
and its varieties inhabit both the in- 
ner and outer coast ranges from Te- 
hama County to Baja California. 

Most of the native currants and 
gooseberries can be used in the prep- 
aration of pancake syrup and wild 
fruit butter. The spines on gooseber- 
ries dissolve when cooked and no 
special cleaning treatment is necessary. 




CHAPARRAL CURRANT 




In Jacqueline Broughton, Educa- 
tional Coordinator for the Santa Bar- 
bara Botanic Garden, readers have 
"struck gold" for she has promised 
more articles on native plants. 



EVERGREEN CURRANT 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



A QgaA 



en 



B*U<j,Ut WMi tylawesiA, 



By Mary Marston 




Photograph by Petty Richards 



10 



Because most of my garden is given 
up to trees, grass and shrubbery I like 
to have the secluded formal section 
bright with flowers. 

Here a rectangular lawn is sur- 
rounded by beds of low-growing 
flowering shrubs, such as white di- 
osma, pink rapheolepis, yellow te- 
coma, lantana and hypericum. Grow- 
ing among them are gladioli, coreop- 
sis, marguerites, red florabundas and 
other hardy perennials. In the rose 
bed a heliotrope blooms beside a Pic- 
ture rose and plumbago tumbles over 
the wall to mingle with the pink 
blossoms of Queen Elizabeth rose. 

In the middle of the lawn is a 
small stone fountain, which instead of 
spouting water overflows with pink 
ivy geranium and is encircled by pots 
of pink, white and blue petunias. 

Beside the high brick wall on the 
north my neighbors' tall trees make a 
beautiful background for the garden. 
The wall fountain in the center, with 
its blue and white jars on either side 
and its pots of petunias on the rim 
of the basin, is an important note in 
the landscape plan. 

On the west is a garden house, shel- 
tered by a jacaranda on one side and 
a yellow-flowering Stanolobium stam 
on the other. Wide steps on the east 
lead down to a terrace that runs the 
entire length of the formal garden. 
These are features of the plan that 
make the garden attractive and livable. 
In the cutting beds on the south 
side delphineums flourish. Birds hop 
about on the lawn and sing in the 
trees. My garden is a gay and lovely 
place in the month of June. Per- 
haps it will be even gayer when the 
summer flowers, cosmos, zinnias and 
dahlias flaunt their colors among the 
blue delphineums and perhaps lovelier 
still in the autumn when the chrys- 
anthemums, bronze, gold and ruby red. 
come into bloom. 

Mary G. Marston 

This is the garde)} of a family with 
a lifetime interest in horticulture. 
George Marston not onl) "fathered" 
Balboa Park but he also planned and 
planted Presidio Park as a priceless 
gift to the city. 

Tune increases the beauty of the 
shrubbs and trees around the well 
planned gardens of his home while 
Miss Marston keeps the picture glow- 
ing with colorful flower accents. 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



^^e Gansiatian 



By Alice Rainford 



Since the carnation is San Diego's 
official flower it behooves us to learn 
all we can about it. 

The carnation belongs to the Dian- 
thus family which includes Carnations, 
Grass Pinks, Sweet Williams and 
others. The main ancestor of the Car- 
nation we know is Dianthus caryo- 
phyllus, or Clove Pink. Larger sizes 
and more petals have been developed 
by American and English hybridizers 
from wild varieties. The most fragrant 
Dianthus are the small species. Dian- 
thus plumarius, often called Grass 
pink, China or India pink, is more 
like the original wild type. They all 
are small-leaved, low-growing plants 
suitable for edging walks. They are 
easily grown from seed. Though one 
cannot be certain of colors in seed- 
lings they often produce delightful 
surprises. 

There are many forms and colors in 
the wild varieties of Europe while we 
only have one specie in America. Not 
many are native to Great Britain but 
it is thought that they were imported 
by the Normans or else they came in 
the Norman (Caen) stone from which 
the first castles were built. They have 
become naturalized throughout Eng- 
land. Some have very tiny leaves and 
are almost turf -like without the joints 
of the ordinary carnation. One small 
type called Maiden Pink is so fragrant 
that Lord Bacon ordered it planted by 
the paths "where the ladies' robes 
would brush against them as they 
walked in the gardens stirring up a 
divine fragrance." 

Carnation was originally spelled 
Coronation because it was so well 
adapted for use in making crowns, 
garlands, and wreaths used in royal 
festivities. It was also called Crowna- 
tion in some of the old books. Olive 
Percival, of Pasadena, in her book on 
'Our Old Fashioned Flowers," says 
that the early writers, Gerard, Parkin- 
son and Ellacombe used many other 
names: Carnadine, Gilliflower, Pageant 
Flower, Incarnation, Gillover, Flower 
of Jove, Dainty Lady and Clove of 
Paradise. The most intriguing name of 
all is "Sops in Wine." Because of its 



spicy odor the flower was actually used 
to add flavor to wine and beer. 

Carnations were so popular in the 
early seventeenth century that, when 
a very large fragrant variety was im- 
ported by Nicholas Leate, it caused 
great excitement. Leate was a wealthy 
business man whose agents travelled 
constantly and had orders not to fail 
to secure any unusual flower for his 
gardens. Although he was a member 
of the Worshipful Order of Iron 
Mongers (he must have been the Big 
Steel man of his day) he spent much 
of his time 

One famous carnation, the Great 
Harwich, is described by Parkinson as 
a great old English sort that "riseth 
up with a goodly stem thickly set with 
joints and from each joint come two 
long leaves twining and winding 
about the stem two or three times." 
The stem was two feet long with a 
big green "husk" on top, from which 
came forth a very large deep pink 
double blossom, almost red, with 
splashes and markings of lighter color. 

Writers of the seventeenth century 
declare that a cordial made from the 
red Clove Pink was sold in the apothe- 
cary shops of London. Gerard men- 
tions "a conserve made of clove gilli- 
flowers is exceedingly cordial and doth 
comfort the heart being eaten now and 
then." Esther Singleton writes that a 
carnation vinegar was valued as a 
remedy for the plague. 

Queeen Elizabeth was so fond of 
her flowers and gardens that she kept 
a woman constantly employed in ar- 
ranging them in her apartments. It is 
said that she regarded the cordial as 
the "delight of the human race." In 
reproducing the Shakespeare garden in 
1921 a great effort was made to fol- 
low the original plan. Plants were do- 
nated from great estates and little 
children brought grass pinks, thyme 
and other plants needed for borders 
from their cottage gardens. 

Esther Singleton's book "The 
Shakespeare Garden" tells of a "Mask 
of Flowers" produced by the "Gentle- 
men of Gray's Inn" for the Earl of 
Somerset's wedding to the daughter of 



the Earl of Suffolk. "When the cur- 
tains were drawn was seen a garden of 
glorious and strange beauty, 
fountain raised on four pedestals of 
silver "on the tops whereof strode 
four silver figures which supported a 
bowl in circuit four and twenty foot 
and was raised nine feet from the 
ground." 

The garden walks were bordered 
with hedges and the beds filled with 
flowers many of them artificial. In the 
corners of each bed large jars were 
filled with carnations. The walls about 
the garden were painted to look like 
brick and at the back was a mount 
with an arbor thirty-three feet long 
and twenty feet high covered with 
vines of honeysuckle and eglantine, 
doubt if Hollywood ever produced a 
more gorgeous display. 

In 1906 the Sievers Brothers of San 
Francisco and Oakland brought out a 
great number of choice carnations. I 
recall 'Elsie Ferguson,' an exception- 
ally fine brilliant yellow with red 
markings and there was an apricot- 
tinted one that was very large. So 
far as I know they are not listed now, 
which reminds me that, around 1915, 
Mr. Morley remarked that fashions in 
flowers and plants revive about every 
fifty years. At that time he was re- 
ferring to the renewed interest in suc- 
culents which everyone was collecting 
when he was a lad in England half a 
century earlier. 

Well, the pendulum swings again 
to carnations for San Diego, but now 
the crowns are leis. Actually, this coun- 
ty has always been a center for the 
commercial growing of these flowers. 
Some will recall a dentist, Dr. Oscar 
Gabriel of Encinitas who did some 
very fine hybridizing of carnations 
thirty years ago. Now the point is to 
plant and enjoy this fragrant flower 
with the same zest as did the Eliza- 
bethans of long ago. 



When she thinks on flowers, Alice 
Rainford. First Florist to the San 
Diegans of fifty years ago, thinks on 
the traditional beauty behind them. 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



11 



Quaint oeliel 



A Philippine flowed (jteiveis 



By Juanito V. Jabat 



In the United States flower growers 
may plant any kind of flower in any 
place and at any time they please. 
This is not true in the Philippines. 
It's not that democracy is dead in this 
former American territory; it's just 
that certain groups of Filipinos in cer- 
tain parts of the Islands adhere to cer- 
tain beliefs whenever they plant flow- 
ers. 

Some of these beliefs are clearly 
absurd, others are funny, and still 
others sound completely foolish; but 
no matter what you and I may think 
of them, Filipino flower growers firm- 
ly believe in them as the "key" to 
their success in their flower growing 
business (or hobby) or as a "factor" 
that may lead them to either blissful 
or woeful living. 

Take, for instance, the inhabitants 
of Supang, a small village on Gui- 
maras Island in Southern Philippines. 
These people plant roses only when 
there is a full moon. They believe 
that doing this would bring about 
durable plants and beautifully de- 
veloped flowers. It is a silly belief, 
perhaps, but the majority of flower 
shop operators are agreed that some 
of the best roses in the Philippines 
can be found in the flower planta- 
tions of Supang village. 

To the superstitious flower growers 
in Arevalo, Iloilo province, the stars 
play a no mean role in one's success 
or failure in flower growing. They 
believe, for example, that bougain- 
villas would bloom more copiously 
when planted on the morning follow- 
ing a star-studded night. They also 
believe that azucenas, which grow quite 
abundantly in the Islands, would bear 
more fragrant flowers when planted 
in the evening under a completely 
starless sky. Again, these superstitious 
theories sound absurd, but Arevaloans 
claim that had it not been for their 
adherence to these theories, their town 
would not have gained the title it now 
proudly sports — "The Flower Garden 
of Iloilo Province." 

In the small village of Palo, Leyte 
province, most flower growers do not 



plant violets during the Lenten sea- 
son. The villagers claim that to do so 
is to court misfortune. They cannot 
give any reasonable explanation, but 
they claim that a lot of flower grow- 
ers in the village who deliberately went 
against the "rule" suffered untold mis- 
fortunes, including incurable ailments, 
serious accidents, and even death. 

However, flower growers in Nueva 
Valencia, Iloilo province, think this 
belief is nonsensical. Unlike the Palo 
villagers, they do plant violets during 
Lent — but while they do they keep 
making loud but artificial sobs, which 
the Palo flower growers consider as 
more nonsensical than their own be- 
lief. Why the artificial sobs? The 
villagers themselves don't know why 
they have to break into sobs when 
planting violets during Lent. 

It is customary among the flower 
growers in the village of Banilad, 
Neuva Viscaya province, to plant 
flowers only during high tide. They 
say it makes flowers bloom more beau- 
tifully and more long-lastingly. How- 
ever, in Canla-on, Negros Oriental 
province, flower growers don't wait 
for the high tide. They plant flowers 
anytime of the day but when they 
do they make sure that they are 
thoroughly drenched, or else the plants 
wouldn't produce beautiful blooms. 

The village folks of Tanza, Cavite 
province, do not plant frangipanis — 
known as calachuchis in the Philip- 
pines — in their yards because they 
believe that these plants are precur- 
sors of death. In view of this fright- 
ful belief, frangipanis cannot be 
found in any place in Tanza except in 
the village cemetery and in the yard 
of the village church. 

In some places in Iloilo province, ir 
is believed that a woman who plants 
frangipanis is bound to become an old 
maid ! 

In Talusan, a mountain village in 
Bukidnon province, a man whose wife 
is pregnant is prohibited to plant any 
flower with prickly stems. Why? Be- 
cause the villagers believe that a preg- 
nant woman whose husband dares to 
plant prickly-stemmed flowers is liable 
to have a difficult and painful delivery. 
Most Talusan husbands know this is 



plain superstition but they resolutely 
stick to it because, they say, "there's 
nothing to lose if we adhere to it." 

In order that their daisies would 
grow sturdy and resistant to plant dis- 
eases, daisy growers in Bato, Cebu 
province, rest upon their haunches 
when they go a-planting daisies. So 
that it is not uncommon to see daisy 
planters in Bato wearing jute sack 
pants, the seats of which are heavilv 
reinforced with canvas, when they are 
planting their favorite flower. 

Hibiscus, the state flower of Hawaii, 
is also common in the Philippines, 
where it is called gummamela. But 
while Hawaiians plant this flower sans 
any ridiculous rules, superstitious Fili- 
pinos have a rule regarding its plant- 
ing which might make you smile. The 
flower growers in Gusoan. Leon, Ilo- 
ilo province, for instance, keep laugh- 
ing aloud while they plant gumma- 
melas in their backyards. They believe 
that doing this would force the plants 
to bloom profusely. 

Perhaps, the strangest — call it the 
craziest, if you may — Philippine be- 
lief about flower planting is that or 
the people of Busuanga Island, near 
Mindoro. The flower growers among 
these people perform an odd cere- 
mony, highlighted by queer dances 
and songs, before planting any kind 
of flower. During the ceremony, the 
flowers that are to be planted are 
placed on a short-legged bamboo table 
surrounded with lighted candles. The 
ritual lasts for about 30 minutes. The 
islanders believe that this odd cere- 
mony is done to assure themselves of 
an abundant flower harvest. 

These are only a few of the many 
Philippine beliefs concerning the plant- 
ing of flowers. To the non-supersti- 
tious, these beliefs are. as I said ear- 
lier, absurd, funny, and/or foolish: 
but Filipino flower growers who be- 
lieve in them adhere to them un- 
swervingly and, in fact, they attribute- 
to these beliefs whatever success the) 
mieht have attained. 



Some American gardeners also claim 
success with the "Moon phase" plant- 
ings of our Philippine friends. 



12 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



ROLAND HOYT 
RECOMMENDS 



THE JACARANDA 



Here is a flowering tree of elegance 
and all the renderings of that word, 
clarity, grace, distinction, felicity, with 
restraint included for measure and 
purity of decorum that fit it for hu- 
man use. It is sometimes known as 
Green-ebony, but is generally called 
simply Jacaranda with the emphasis 
on the third syllable. According to 
Saunders, the South American Indians 
who actually named the tree, placed 
the weight on the last syllable. The 
species /. mimosijoUa and /. ovali- 
folia appear in horticultural literature 
but gardeners may consider both as 
synonomous with ] . acuttjolia. 

The tree is of open, irregular struc- 
ture to a roundish head of rather loose 
texture at, eventually, some 50 feet 
under best culture and site conditions. 
The young specimen may require a lit- 
tle pruning to determine the ultimate 
shape, but the mature form will be 
found to have worked the problem out 
pretty well by itself, with discrimina- 
tion and individuality ... as with the 
human ego. It is an all-round tree for 
service almost everywhere in the do- 
mestic landscape, lawn or patio and 
especially as a street tree where there 
is any chance for survival. 

The Jacaranda affords a very sub- 
stantial, but not a dense shade all 
during the heat of the year, then opens 
to winter for sun-heat to thaw through 
to the earth for whatever there wants 
warmth, plant or man. The limbs and 
branches at this time are found to 
have something of the quality of an 
oriental print . . . for those who will 
see. There is nothing naked about 
this time and branching. It, the tree, 
expresses the season as it does, in fact, 
the complete cycle of life and living. 
This is too often overlooked in sub- 
tropical regions in a ridiculous, trivial 
and puerile search for eternal summer. 

The shedding of the lacy, fern-like 
foliage comes sometimes in February 
or March when the flower buds are 
beginning to show, the only shabby 
moment of the year when the leaves 
are pushing off . . . "remnants of 
glory." A long wait then is no more 
than a reminder of so many good 
things, pleasured more, and more 
deeply enjoyed under anticipation. 



This is a kind of dawdling, deferment 
of action, a matter of standing over 
or waiting for warmth, the blooming 
finally, June into July in California, 
earlier in Florida. A rare spectacle 
then presents color over a few weeks, 
a flowering of exquisite quality and 
finally a fallout of the blue, a solid 
carpet over the earth . . . sweep only 
the walks. Hattie Rumbleshucks in 
California garden of September, 
1941 thinks "the glory of the 'jac' 
doesn't end with the falling flowers 



and that people as is gardeners will 
walk around the poor fallen debris 
with a prayer in their hearts to the 
Lord and sheer thanks for such beauty 
. . . other people git a broom." 

This aristocrat, surprisingly, is a 
stout and sturdy individual unusually 
persevering under hardship as well as 
prosperity, which is uncommon for a 
plant of such exotic beauty. While it 
accepts good moisture, it will be more 
floriferous if grown on the dry side 
and actually survives with roots com- 
pletely cramped or otherwise muti- 
lated by external abuse. It is not de- 
manding as to soil, but prefers a fer- 
tile, sandy loam of some depth when 
it will be seen at its best. There are 
no diseases and no insect pests of 
Continued on page 15 




Alfred Hottes 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1 964 



13 




PL 




e — )an 



IA-, 



ora 




e 9° 

S$ociation 



San Diego's Oldest 
and Largest Garden Club 



Founded 1907 — Incorporated 1910 



OFFICERS 

President 

Stanley W. Mt li.fr 

Vice-President 

TO BE APPOINTED 

Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Ralph Rosenberg 

Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Thalia Graham Kelly 

Treasurer 

Robert Smith 



DIRECTORS 

Term 1962-1965 

Major Edward Litllf 
Mrs. A. G. Wenzel 

Term 1963-1966 

Mrs. J. Terrell Scott 
Mrs. Eugene Cooper 

Term 1964-1967 

Mrs. Emmett Fowler 
Vergil Schade 



HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS 

Annie Robinson Tedford 
Roland Hoyt 
Chauncy I. Jerabek 
Alice M. Clark 
Alice M. Greer 
Betty Cooper 



PUBLISHERS SINCE 1909 

of 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN MAGAZINE 



VERDANT VISION 

Will Turn Community Concourse 

into Garden Gem 



By Michael O'Connor 

Landscaping the Community Con- 
course could be compared to shopping 
for accessories to match a $10,000 
mink coat. 

Now rising from the heart of down- 
town, the $21 million concourse is an 
investment of ideas and dreams trans- 
ferred into steel, concrete and glass. 

Adding the final touches necessary 
to make it a living part of the citv 
requires the objectivity of a scientist 
and the artistic flair of a poet. 

Roland Hoyt, landscape architect, 
has both. 

A Calif ornian since 1921, he holds 
a bachelor's degree in horticulture 
from Iowa State University and studied 
for two years at the Harvard School 
of Design. 

In more than a year of work, he has 
analyzed the architecture of the four 
main buildings. He has sifted the 
soil on which they stand. And he has 
spent months rubbing elbows with 
weekend gardeners in nurseries studv- 
ing specimens. 

What grows around each building, 
he says, must complement and accent 
both the design and the purpose of the 
structure. 

An example of his technique in- 
volves the $4 million Civic Theatre. 

"The theatre is a beautiful build- 
ing," Hoyt said as he thumbed 
through a stack of blueprints. "Not 
just any tree can grow next to it. 

"We must use a stately specimen 
that will accent its lines . . . with fa- 
cile leaves that will move in the 
slightest breeze." 

That type of tree, Hoyt believes, is 
the Podocarpus, one of 17 different 
varieties of trees he has selected for 
the overall area. 

Theater audiences will learn to know 
the Podocarpus well. Hoyt visualizes 
several of them extending along the 
north entrance leading to a buffer of 
Chinese Junipers and Magnolias be- 
tween the interior Concourse Plaza 
and the open intersection outside. 

Hoyt believes trees are an important 
part of his plan not only as a tone- 
setter for the concourse but as a land- 
scaping stimulus to the entire sur- 



rounding downtown area. 

With this thought in mind he hopes 
that a perimeter of trees around the 
concourse — either Holly Oak or Podo- 
carpus — will be extended to the side- 
walks of other streets in the future. 

"People remember a city for its 
trees," he noted, "and San Diego 
doesn't have enough of them." 

The Hoyt plan of finding the tree to 
fit the building also will be apparent 
to persons entering either the Conven- 
tion Hall or Administration Building 
from C Street. He has obtained 15 
Copper Loquat specimens and many 
will be used here to accent the struc- 
tures with a foliage that is deep green 
in summer and bronze in winter. 

Nearby, the "theatre corner," C 
Street and 3rd Avenue, will be a show- 
place for more reasons than the ob- 
vious. It is there he envisions one of 
the largest trees, a Magnolia, extend- 
ing more than 20 feet to "anchor" the 
corner. 

The Magnolia, Hoyt said, is an ex- 
ample of another problem facing a 
landscaper in tree-starved San Diego. 

"There are no big tree nurseries in 
San Diego," he said. "And on a job 
like this you must have big trees." 

Not ready to settle for less than 
what he wants, Hoyt has turned detec- 
tive in visiting scores of nurseries 
throughout Southern California. 

It was on one of these trips that 
he found the "theatre corner" Mag- 
nolia at the Del Amo nursery in 
Compton. By coincidence, it was at 
Del Amo where he obtained his first 
job in California. 

The absolute necessity for big trees 
was pointed out by Hoyt as he ex- 
plained the design of the 1 4-story Ad- 
ministration building, largest structure- 
in the concourse, which has unembel- 
lished east and west walls. 



Sure and its the poetic flair of Mr. 
O'Connor himself that makes this 
Roland Hop story, reprinted from 
the San Diego Union, so discerning. 
And Mr. Fiynn's action shot wins 
more blame] . 



14 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



Hoyt plans to use large Sugar Gum 
Eucalyptus which will hug the sides 
for a distance of 75 to 100 feet, erupt- 
ing in lush umbrella-shaped foliage. 

Although Hoyt emphasizes his trees, 
the public will have a field day ex- 
amining and enjoying the 56 varieties 
of shrubs and 18 types of ground 
cover in hundreds of locations. 

To prove his point that nature — 
through landscaping — adds enjoyment 
to physical surroundings, Hoyt plans to 
have visitors in the mood even before 
they leave their automobiles in the 
11 -level parking garage. 

It is there he has designed a gar- 
den of potted seasonal plants which 
will be brought to the center core — 
and visible to incoming and outgoing 
motorists — at the height of their 
bloom. Around them will be seven 
Irish Yew trees planted in a swirl to 
blend with the driving lanes. 

All in all, it amounts to a show of 
color that no one will want to miss. 



Continued from page 12 

note . . . only aphids at budding time 
which may be flushed off a young tree 
with hose-water or other contact spray, 
left to the ladybugs when beyond 
reach. The tree takes as much as ten 
degrees of frost without material dam- 
age and will return as a multi- 
stemmed, blooming affair after a 
freeze. 

One encounters ecstatic and enrap- 
tured accounts of the flowering of 
these trees in Rio de Janiero and the 
cooler parts of South America and 
when one knows of oddments and 
portions of streets in Southern Cali- 
fornia, where the amplitude of color 
and generous, friendly greenery meet 
above as an arched dome of incredible 
beauty, it is to wonder why such an 
eminently practical and utterly hand- 
some tree is not seen more often. Look 
if you will for such as above. Stand 
there in the shadow of beatitude and 
know the power and strength to be 
found in this gratification. 

This is one tree to afford any liv- 
ing place, area or region the heights 
of publicity, be it a garden, a block 
in the community or the city itself. 
It shocks, and shakes one loose from 
the commonplace. 

The drawing by Alfred Hottes 
shows the large loose truss of the 
flower, the doubly compound leaf 
with sharply tipped leaflet. There is 
the hard, flat capsule that finds uses 
in indoor decoration and in arrange- 
ments, a winged nutlet and a cross- 
section of the floret. 




San Diego Union Staff Photo by Joseph Flynn 

From: ASLA Press Room, July 1, 1964 

Roland S. Hoyt of San Diego, California, was today elected a 
Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects at cere- 
monies held in conjunction with the organization's annual meeting 
in Dallas, Texas. 

Mr. Hoyt, a native of Iowa City, Iowa, has practiced landscape architecture 
in San Diego for 38 years. A consultant for the City Planning Department for 
15 years, he has served as landscape architect for such important local projects 
as the Mission Bay Park and Recreation Area. Recent work includes the Mission 
Valley Center, the Salk Institute for Biology and the Centre City Concourse in 
San Diego. He has also been designated to design a master landscape plan 
for San Diego State University. 

The first graduate of the School of Landscape Architecture at Iowa State 
University in 1915, Mr. Hoyt served as aide-de-camp to General William D. 
Beach, Commanding General of the 88th Division in France during World 
War I. Following the war, he worked with America's oldest landscape archi- 
tectural firm, Olmsted Brothers, on the design of Palos Verdes Estates and later 
participated in the design of Presidio Park in San Diego. 

A past editor of the California Garden Magazine, Mr. Hoyt is the author 
of "Ornamental Plants for Subtropical Regions" and a frequent contributor to 
leading garden magazines. 



i Fellowship in the American Society of Landscape Architects, con- 

!; ferred only upon the professions most outstanding practitioners, is the 
organization's highest honor. Founded in 1899, the ASLA is today 
' comprised of over 2,300 professional landscape architects. National 
!; headquarters are at 2000 K Street in Washington, D.C. 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1964 



15 




KEY TO ZOO PLANT MAP 



7. 



8. 



1. Caleocephalus browni, 
Cushion Bush 

2. Trithrmax acanthocana. 
Palm 

3. Strelitzia regina. 
Bird-of-Paradise 

4. Metrosideros tomentosa. 
New Zealand Christmas Tree 

5. Callistemon viminalis. 
Weeping Bottlebrush 

6. lochroma tubulosum. 
Columbian Violet Bush 
Eugenia jambos, 
Rose Apple 
Melaleuca genistifolia, 
White Fleece Tree 

9. Homalocladium plat] clad urn. 
Ribbon Bush 

10. Casimiroa edulis. 
White Sapote Tree 

1 1 . Koelreutaria bipmnata. 
Bougainvillea Golden Rain Tree 

12. Eucalyptus mortomana. 
Morton's E. 

13. Calodendron capenst. 
Cape Chestnut 

14. Eucalyptus multijlora. 
E. robusta 

l5.Alpinis speciosa. 
Shell Ginger 



16. Beau came a recur vat a. 

Elephant's Foot 
17 '. Jacaranda acuti folia. 

Green Ebony 

18. Gardenia thunbergia 

19. Draceana draco. 
Dragon Tree 

20. Eucalyptus cladocahx. 
Sugar Gum 

21. Laurus nobilis. 
Sweet Bay 

22. Chorisia speciosa. 
Floss Silk 

23. Strelitzia nicolai. 
Giant Bird-of-Paradise 

24. Ochna multijlora. 
Mickey Mouse Plant 

25. Corokia cotoneaster 

26. Chiranthodendron platanoides, 
Devil's Hand Flower 

27. Dombeya wallichi. 
Pink Ball Tree 

28. Olea euro pa. 
Common Olive 

29. Araucaria bidwilli, 
Bunya-Bunya Pine 

30. Caesalpinia achinata. 
Brazil Wood 

31. Cist us purpureas. 
Orchid-spot Rock Rose 



PLANT 
of the 



by Chauncy I. Jerabek 



Throughout the Zoo, thousands o: 
plants, from trees to ground covers. 
are used to present the animals in their 
natural settings; often the plants are 
from the same habitat. To keep this 
the most outstanding Zoological Gar- 
den in the world new animals are 
brought in constantly, which means 
that the enclosures must be remodeled 
or extended and the plant life must 
also be moved or replaced. As a re- 
sult, not all the specimens remain 
where I describe them and many new 
plants are small. Despite the fact that 
this is a Zoo, not an Arboretum, one 
must admit that it is quite a Botanical 
Garden ! 

In this article I have selected plants 
for different reasons. Some are noted 



16 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 




TOUR 
ZOO 



with Map by A.M.C 



for the beauty of their leaves, flowers 
or seed-pods, or all three. (Where 
the plants pointed out are not fully 
developed, I may give the location of 
mature examples elsewhere.) Some 
plants have curious forms or stories 
of special interest connected with them. 
In still other cases I want to draw at- 
tention to specimens that have possi- 
bilities that should be better known. 

This tour should be easy. Follow 
the sequence of numbers on the map. 
Use the "Key" to locate the number 
and the name that follows it. Read 
the description of the plant under its 
number in the body of the article. 
Most plants in the Zoo are labeled 
with both common and scientific names 
so you can check them. 



When you have finished this tour, 
think of the great variety of plant 
shapes, sizes, textures and colors you 
have seen and the many far-away 
places that have contributed both ani- 
mals and plants to the Zoo. Think 
of the ingenuity, tenacity, flexibility 
and understanding Mr. Tim Al lei- 
must possess to create this Zoo Eden 
and make it thrive. Think of Direc- 
tor Charles Schroeder who is so vitall) 
interested in promoting a Zoological 
Garden in its fullest sense: a healthy, 
educational complementary combina- 



tion of living beauty from both ani- 
mal and plant kingdoms. 

In the end you will be sure to 
''think'' thanks to Mr. C. I. Jerabek, 
the San Diego Tree Man. for his in- 
imitable way of making plants come 
alive. In this, his Fifth Zoo Plan: 
Tour, ''Jerry" tries again to persuade 
visitors to become acquainted with 
more new and interesting plant ma- 
terials and their growth habits at the 
Zoo and thus be better able to use 
them to improve their own home sur- 
roundings — like the old saw of 
sauce for goose and ganders, what} 




The Dragon Tree, Dracaena draco, (see Page 20), 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



17 



Begin this trip at the main gate. 
Edging the plant bed at your left and 
in many other places in the Zoo you 
will see the gray Cushion Bush, (1) 
Calocephalus broivni, from Australia. 
When given a fairly dry well-drained 
location this plant builds up silvery 
mounds of foliage covered with yel- 
low button blooms in mid-summer. 

Low down, just past the two bronze 
gorillas, is an interesting palm (2) 
Trithrinax acanthocomn, from South 
Brazil. A slow grower, it is now only 
two feet high but it may reach 12 feet. 
The solitary trunk covered with long 
spines is three to four inches thick. 
The palmate leaves are three feet 
across. Look under the leaves to see 
the thorns and the intricate weblike 
covering formed by the leaf bases. 
That beautiful fibrous pattern is the 
distinctive feature on this small palm. 
The creamy white flower stalks, up to 
two feet long, are followed by attrac- 
tive globular yellow-green fruit about 
3/$ inch thick. There are two excel- 
lent specimens in the Government Ex- 
perimental Station on Torrey Pines 
Mesa. 

To the right of the palm is a large 
clump of (3) Strelitzia Kegina, Bird- 
of-Paradise Flower, which belongs to 
the Banana family. Stout canna-like 
leaves of glaucous green on long stems 
spring from a ground clump. The 
flowers are born on a scape 2 to 4 feet 
tall, sometimes branching at the top. 
The bright orange sepals stand above 
the purple arrow-shaped stigmas that 
open a few at a time, like a feathered 
cockade above the highly colored 
spathe or throat of the "bird." This 
gorgeous plant will be seen all over 
the Zoo. It grows so easily in San 
Diego that it seems its blooms should 
have been made the official flower. 

Bear south on the main path to the 
plants bordering the parking lot fence. 
The bushy tree-like plant, (4) Metro- 
ciderous tomentosa, called the New 
Zealand Christmas Tree because it 
blooms at that season there, while here 
it puts on its show of clusters of bright 
red staminate flowers in early summer. 
Shining olive-green leaves with felted 
backs, are another attraction. Excep- 
tionally fine by the sea as in these ad- 
dresses in La Jolla: 7865 El Paseo 
Grande, 1831 and 6040 Camino de la 
Costa, 338 Via del Norte and 471 
Rosemont. 

A colorful plant, for our next con- 
sideration, is (5) Callistemon vimin- 
alis, Weeping Bottlebrush, a graceful 
drooping tree from Australia. It has 
red filaments on elongated corky stems 
during the warm months. Its weeping 
form makes it a graceful shrub or tall 



g*** ~W- V 




Draiving by Dorothy Landon 
Calodendron Capense, Cape Chestnut. 



tiller. It is fine for dry areas and will 
tolerate poor soil. 

Another gay shrub, a tall 8 feet 
high, has many branches of downy 
oval-oblong greyish-green leaves and 
drooping terminal clusters of tubular 
cyaneus-blue flowers, like glazed porce- 
lain. Check the label for (6) lochroma 
tubulosum, also called /. cyaneu?n or 
Colombian Violet Bush, from Central 
and South America. It belongs to the 
Potato family. 



Following is (7) Eugenia jambos, 
the Rose Apple of East India. In 
ample space it forms a handsome 
medium-sized evergreen tree. When 
young, the slender pointed leaves are 
pinkish or wine colored, later they 
turn a dark shiny green. Showy shav- 
ing-brush flowers, greenish-white, de- 
velop ovoid or globose fruits, pale 
yellow or blush-pink, up to 2 inches in 
size with one to three brown seeds. As 
many as 7 to 8 plants may come from 



18 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



IS 




growth 



Dv.iu'ine, b\ Dorothy Landon 



Gardenia Thunbergia 



white trunk, 
folia, White 
lia. It has 



for its 
genisti- 



each single polyembryonic seed. The 
flesh has a rose-like aroma and taste, 
generally used to flavor jams 
The next tree, noticeable 
is (8) Melaleuca 
Fleece Tree from Austra 
thick white bark, small 
prickly leaves and many white bottle- 
brush flowers that leave the stems stud- 
ded with seed growths. 

Observe the odd plant, only three 
with flattened branches, 
known as Ribbon Bush, 
or Tapeworm plant (9) 
Homalocladium platycladum is a na- 
tive of the Solomon Islands. It is 
sometimes an erect, but usually a 
scrambling shrub with flat jointed 



feet high, 
Commonly 
Centipede 



glossy light green stems about l / 2 i ncn 
wide. At the extreme edges of these 
flattened parts come tiny white flowers, 
red in the bud, followed by deep red 
or purplish berry-like bodies contain- 
ing a lone seed. Just to be contrary, 
sometimes small lanceolate leaves that 
are usually absent, appear, and some- 
times the flattish stems are round. 

Near the end of this link fence are 
two trees with a number of trunks. In 
this city (10) Casimiroa edulis, the 
White Sapote, grows medium high. 
The palmate light-green leaves are 
compounded of five leaflets of various 
sizes. Small inconspicuous greenish - 
yellow flowers are followed by ovoid 
fruits up to 3 inches across when ma- 



item 

of 

may be seen on 

time. When ripe 

fruit has creamy 

embedded with 



that 



fruits 

as well 

the tree 

the lus- 

or yel- 

2 to 5 



ture. An unusual 
at different stages 
as blossoms 
at the same 
cious sweet 
lowish pulp 
seeds. The leaves, dry or fresh, make 
a tea that is good for high blood pres- 
sure. See 3404 Front Street for an- 
other Sapote. 

The 24 trees that form a shadv 
canopy over the picnic tables on the 
left are (11) Koelreutaria bipinnate, 
Chinese Lantern or Golden Rain Tree 
of Formosa. This small deciduous tree 
rarely grows over 20 feet high. Dur- 
ing the warmer months it is covered 
with handsome fern-like leaves. Ter- 
minal panicles of small yellow flowers 
in summer become curious coral - 
colored inflated capsules containing 
shot-like seeds in the fall. A short 
distance away these colorful bladder- 
like pods resemble bougainvilleas. 

Turn west and walk to the corner 
beyond the new Hummingbird Cage 
where there are two (12) Eucalyptus 
mortoniana. a rare tree that is sup- 
posed to be a hybrid of E. maideni and 
E, globulus, raised by a Los Angeles 
man from Australian seed. 

Further down along this walk is a 
double trunk Cape Chestnut, (13) 
Calodendron capense which is indig- 
enous to the coastal forests of South 
and East Africa. This gray-barked tree- 
may be evergreen or partly deciduous, 
depending on its location. In the 
spring its great attraction is the large 
showy terminal panicles of rose-lilac 
flowers, dotted with maroon-purple 
glands. The warty woody fruit cap- 
sules which follow are about 2 inches 
in diameter. They open into 5 parts 
containing 2 shiny black angled seeds 
much like chestnuts. 

On the way to the Reptile House 
there is a group of Swamp Mahogany. 
(14) Eucalyptus multiflora, formerly 
E. robusta. on the corner. They have 
lanceolate leaves, dark green on top. 
lighter below. Numerous large tim- 
brels of from 40 to 90 flowers of 
creamy white bear out its Latin name. 
The reddish bark is deeply furrowed. 
It is a robust grower if well watered, 
will even take brackish water. 

Continue past the Reptile House to 
the Flamingo enclosure, where (15) 
Alpinia speciosa. the Shell Ginger of 
Eastern Asia, forms a tropical back- 
drop for the salmon crested Cockatoo. 
These graceful evergreen plants have 
long stems of smooth leaves and 
drooping spikes of shell-like buds like 
glazed china. A few open at a time 
to show the yellow and white waxy 
sweet-scented flowers. 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 196 i 



19 




Drawing by Alfred Hottes 
Ochna Mulyiflora, Mickey Mouse Plant 



Walk along the front of the pool 
to its narrow end where there is an 
unusual plant (16) Beaucamea recur- 
vata, known as Elephant's Foot, which 
the trunk resembles. A member of the 
Lily family, it comes from the arid 
regions of Texas and Mexico. This 
tree-like plant with the swollen base, 
has open branches each topped by a 
rosette of narrow drooping thin green 
leaves. Short stalked inflorescences of 
small white flowers top these green 
mops in late summer, when it is par- 
ticularly handsome. Don't prepare to 
wait, for it only flowered for the third 
time in twenty-seven years in Novem- 
ber, 1961. The leaves are used for 
coarse hats and mats. 

The canyon that goes downhill is 
a beautiful mass of Green Ebony, (17) 
Jacaranda acutijolia, a tree from 
Tropical America with fern-like foli- 
age and bluish-purple flowers in early 
summer. It is variably deciduous for 
a short time in late winter. (See ful- 
ler description in this magazine.) 

Now turn and cross the street to the 
plants to the left of the arching Res- 
taurant entrance, and look for three 
small (18) Gardenia thunbergia, from 
South Africa. We should see more of 
these slow-growing shrubs with their 
twisty glossy deep-green leaves. A lone 
flower whirls out from a long tube 
into a fragrant wheel of overlapping 
petals. The woody seed-pods, nearly 
6 inches long, and 3 or more inches 
around, end in a tail. 



The grotesque trees on each side oi 
the rest rooms are (19) Dracena draco, 
the Dragon Tree from the Canary Is- 
lands. To call it a palm is erroneous, 
as it belongs to the Lily family, one 
of the few of this group that makes a 
tree. This monstrous plant, more cur- 
ious than beautiful, always has a 
stodgy trunk with stubby thick 
branches, crowned with rosettes of 
sword-like fleshy glaucous green leaves 
that, when pulled off, show an orange 
juice supposed to resemble dragon's 
blood. Small greenish-yellow flowers 
are followed by orange fruits, marble 
size. There are other larger specimens 
in the Zoo. One outside, at 2040 Dale, 
has multiple trunks, one at 1244 26th 
is tree form. 

In a circle in the pavement as you 
walk north is a Sugar Gum, the one 
most commonly seen in San Diego. 
(20) Eucalyptus dado calyx is a na- 
tive Australian that can reach a height 
of 150 feet. This single specimen il- 
lustrates the stately beauty of this 
variety. 

Take the next path to the waterfall 
to see a very small sample of one of 
my favorite plants. Towards the base 
of the dining area, beneath the exit 
ramp, between a pine and a Opsiandra 
Maya Palm, you will see a low, many- 
stemmed (21) Laurus nobilis. Sweet 
or Royal Bay, also called the true 
Laurel of the ancients. Grown na- 
turally, it has many trunks. When all 
but one are removed it becomes a fair 



size tree. Numerous branches bear 
stiff thin dull aromatic leaves some- 
times used in cooking. Greenish-yel- 
low flowers are inconspicuous. The 
Romans crowned their heroes with 
wreaths of these leaves. Caesar often 
wore a laurel wreath. History does 
not record whether it was for his ac- 
complishments or just to cover his 
bald head. The laurel endures abuse 
and neglect so it is often trimmed into 
various shapes; see the three attractive 
boxes at 410 West Upas. 

Further along is a slender tree of 
(22) Chorisia speciosa, Floss Silk 
Tree of South America. The trunk 
of this bottle-shaped tree is heavily 
studded with stout sharp thorns. It 
has light green palmate foliage in 
spring and summer. When the leaves 
fall late in the year it may be covered 
with spectacular five-petaled flowers of 
crimson to pink. The pear-shaped 
fruit contains seeds packed in a silky 
floss that is sometimes used as stuffing 
for inexpensive pillows. In its native 
country the tree reaches 50 feet with 
a diameter of 6 feet. The trunk is 
used for dug-out canoes. There are 
other trees in Mission Valley in the 
parking lots of May Co. and Wards. 

Behind the Chorisia is a large 
banana-leaved plant, (23) Strelitzia 
nicolai, Giant Bird - of - Paradise of 
South Africa. The curiously shaped 
flowers are encased in canoe-like pur- 
ple bracts. The blossoms have white 
sepals and very light blue petals. The 
plant is a big grower. 

Now turn around and retrace your 
steps until, a little beyond the 15 foot 
palm on your right you can see a small 
sample of (24) Ochna inultiflora. 
This shrub has beautiful leaves, small, 
serrate, glossy and pink-tinged when 
young. The stems are rough as sand- 
paper. In spring it has golden butter- 
cup flowers that develop into striking 
reddish calyxes enclosing up to four 
fruits. At first they are like small 
green peas, but later they turn jet 
black, which gives rise to the common 




Araucaria bidwilli, Bunya-Bunya Pine 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



names, Mickey Mouse and Bird's Eye. 
This handsome tall filler should be 
better known. 

Back on the main path, just beyond 
a Bottlebrush ( 5 ) in a cement planter, 
you will find a wispy gray plant against 
a rock near the edge of the water. 
This thready shrub that belongs to the 
Dogwood family is a prize winner 
when well grown. (25) Corokia co- 
toneaster. of New Zealand and the 
Chatham Islands, is an artistic dwarf 
shrub noted for its curious interlacing 
black branches and round to spatulate 
leaves, dark green above with felted 
reverses. The small yellow sweet- 
scented flowers, borne towards the 
ends of the short twigs, are star- 
shaped. It has many tiny roundish 
berries, deep orange or red. Good for 
tubs or hedges, especially near the 
coast. 

On this same peninsula, about half- 
way between the two tall palms, is a 
small bushy (26) Chiranthodendron 
platanoides, commonly called Devil's 
or Monkey's Hand Treee, but, in its 
native Mexico and Central America, 
it is known as Macpalxochiquahuitl. 
This evergreen has large sycamore- 
like leaves, slightly downy on the re- 
verse side, with prominent veins. The 
curious flowers are parted and cup- 
shaped with thick leathery sepals that 
are reddish brown outside and bright 
red inside. Its red stamens are united 
one third of their length then separ- 
ated to resemble a hand with claws on 
the outspread fingers. For summer 
flowers see one with many trunks at 
8213 San Carlos Drive, (San Carlos). 
One with single trunk at 3141 Sha- 
dowlawn, near garage, (Loma Portal) 
and a tree-like one at 5878 Potomac 
Way (Paradise Hills). 

After passing the service parking 
area turn right at the first walkway. 
Fifteen feet ahead on your right is a 
bulky shrub with large roundish leaves 
each with several pointed lobes. This 
(27) Dombeya ivallichi, Pink Ball, or 




Draiving by Alfred Hotter 
Chiranthopendron Playanoioes, Monkey's Hand Tree 



Weeping Hydranga, from East Africa 
and Madagascar, belongs to the Cho- 
colate family. In the spring it is 
heavy with many pendulous pink balls. 
Each individual flower has 5 petals 
and 15 to 20 stamens. 

Further on are three (28) Olea 
europa. Common Olive of the Med- 
iterranean region. In years gone by 
swindlers sold thousands of these wild 
seedlings to the early settlers as good 
varieties. Today they are popular again 
as it seems every subdivision must have 
a few olive trees. 

Walk until you are almost opposite 
the end of the Penguin tanks. The 
thorny tree on the right is (29) Arau- 
caria bidivilli, Bunya-Bunya Pine from 
Australia. At this young stage the 
lower branches are distinctly droop- 
ing, and circled with dark-green sharp- 
pointed leaves. Older trees become 




Drawing b\ Dorothy handon 
Seedpod of Monkey's Hand Tree 



huge. They bear large pineapple- 
shaped cones which weigh up to ten 
pounds and measure as much as a 
foot long. One cone will yield eighty 
or more two-inch seeds. When boiled, 
salted and roasted they have a flavor 
halfway between almonds and chest- 
nuts. They are considered highly nu- 
tritious. The wood is very strong, 
beautifully grained, polishes well and 
can be worked with great facility. The 
large cones are plentiful every three 
years. For nut-bearing trees look east 
of the Botanical Building in Balboa 
Park, west of the Club House at Sixth 
and Ivy or near the 25th Street en- 
trance of Golden Hill Park. 

The next thorny tree is (30) Caes- 
alphiia echinata, Brazil Wood. It is 
a small tree with low spiney branches 
and armed pinnate leaves of a dark 
glossy green. The small flowers are 
canary-yellow followed bv showy 
twisted oblong pods about 3 inches 
long, colored red and yellow. 

At the intersection of the path turn 
left. On your left is another Olive 
(28) and a (11) Koelreutaria. Op- 
posite them, on the hard ground slope 
to the right is a group of (31) C?stu.\ 
purpureus, orchid-colored Rock Rose 
It is a small compact shrub with rough 
leaves and 3 -inch lilac-purple flowers 
with a maroon blotch at the yellow 
base of the petals. 

This is the end of my short, easy 
tour, the one with a map. If you like 
it. ask for more. 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



21 




The spuria iris, as found in our 
gardens of today, has been developed 
from a number of species which are 
widely distributed from Europe to 
China with the most found in the 
Mediterranean area. Collection for 
garden use was begun as early as 1753 
and with Ochroleuca in 1771. This 
variety is pretty widely distributed in 
the U.S.A. and has even gone wild 
again along some rivers in Montana, 
which certainly proves its hardiness. 

On the other extreme, spuriae can 
be grown in the hot, dry desert coun- 
try and the deep south, where the tall 
bearded have a difficult time of it. 

There was considerable hybridi2ing 
work done in England near the turn 
of the century and some of their 
efforts are shown today with Premier, 
A. L. Balfour, and Cambridge Blue. 
These are rather small flowers that 
look spidery in comparison with mod- 
ern sorts but they have unfading color 
that we do not seem to be able to 
duplicate. 

The first hybridizing work with 
them in this country seems to have 
been done by T. A. Washington of 
Tenn., in the early 1930's, but few 
of his are still around. Those of the 
English breeders as well as Mr. Wash- 
ington's, are usually difficult to cross 
with Nies and Millikin lines. Fairy 
Wand has flower placement on the 
stem that I would very much like to 
duplicate. 

Eric Nies produced quite a number 
of spuria largely in brown, blue and 
yellow combinations with the browns 
appearing from what were supposed 
to be blue crosses. 

Millikin's White Heron and Wadi 
Zem Zem with their large size, have 
been very useful for large whites and 
especially yellows. The latter seems 
to head the list for robust good health. 



SPURIA IRIS 



By Walker Ferguson 



Marion Walker took over the Nies 
lines at the time of Mr. Nies' death 
and has produced a lot of fine spurias 
most of which I have not seen as yet, 
as I cannot drive far. 

My interest in spurias dates back 
about a dozen years when I decided 
that I couldn't cope with the great 
number of tall bearded iris which were 
being introduced every year. I found 
that the spurias grew well here and 
with some testing, also decided that 
they could be left dry through the 
hot summer months which is a real 
help here where everything depends 
on irrigation. I have never seen a 
well established spuria die from lack 
of water and have let some go for 
several years where the annual rainfall 
might be as low as 5 inches. 

Of course, to have the best blooms, 
good watering practice is essential and 
they are gross feeders. The plants 
start to go dormant about July 1 and 
I stop watering until about the first 
of October when new growth starts. 
Some balanced fertilizer may be ap- 
plied but the main fertilization may 
be done about the first of February 
when the real growth comes. The tops 
and flower stems should be cut off 
when they turn brown and I find a 
knife with sort of a hooked blade (as 
used by linoleum workers) to be the 
most satisfactory tool. 

Spuria flowers come in many colors, 
shapes and sizes but when we say the 
flower is white, it means white stand- 
ards and white falls with a yellow sig- 
nal patch which all hybridizers have 
tried to eliminate but without real suc- 
cess. The blues and in fact all colors 
except the yellows have this same sig- 
nal in some degrees of yellow or 
brown. Blues and browns seem to 
fade in hot sunshine. Their entire un- 
predictability makes hybridizing spur- 
ias a most interesting pastime. As an 
illustration here are the results of a 
crossing of two browns from different 



lines : yellow, plum, no bloom, 
brown, not open, brown, white, yel- 
low, yellow, dark blue, yellow, blue 
and yellow. The dark blue may be 
worth saving. There is also consid- 
erable variation in height of plant and 
size and shape of flowers. Eric Nies' 
wanted spurias for background plants 
in landscape gardening. At first I ad- 
mired the tall growers also but now 
I orefer something not over four feet. 

When the flower buds start to open, 
they often seem to give promise of 
new wonders that are not fulfilled 
with the opening of the flower. The 
falls may tuck under so they are nearly 
hidden from view, or they may twist 
or pinch, that is, fold, and colors may 
soon fade. Also the color on the first 
year bloom is often much better than 
it ever seems again. There have been 
buds that appeared very lavender but 
within a day, looked almost white. 
Also ruffling may show less in future 
bloom. 

When I started to grow seedlings, 
there appeared some with falls that 
seemed chopped off, with a horned 
effect on the reverse and perhaps an 
extreme open V in the standards. I 
believe that came largely from the 
variety Two Opals. 

Then, later, there were stems with 
wide branching but they look top 
heavy to me. The most disappointing 
and hard to correct feature is too few 
flowers to the stem and a bunching 
tendency that is made worse as the 
flowers get larger. I am satisfied with 
four or five well spaced flowers. 

As I have mentioned, I do not get 
around to see other gardens and have 
such an abundance of seedlings that 
I haven't bought any new things for 
10 years. Tell sent me his little red 
and it does show quite red. Ben Hager 
sent some that he plans to introduce 
and his Elixir is a brilliant orangey 
yellow of good form and substance. 
Driftwood (Nies-Walker) is a beau- 



22 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



tiful smooth brown that seems to have 
trouble in humid climates. 

So we come to the ones I consider 
best of the hundreds of seedlings 
grown during the past ten years. 

Wakerobin is a good-growing 
white that has a bit of ruffling and a 
fairly small signal patch. There are 
two other seedlings with less signal 
but not as good flowers. 

Thrush Song is a blu-purple with 
considerable brown in the falls. 

Good Nature — a large flaring yel- 
low that can grow too tall to suit me. 

Windfall, a white with large signal, 
puts on a great show in a clump with 
good flower spacing. 

Ruffled Moth, light blue and yellow, 
depends on its exceptional ruffling. 

Several years ago, I succeeded in 
raising two seedlings from a Premier 
Two Opals cross that had bright violet 
standards and light yellow falls quite 
heavily lined and bordered in violet. 
Some experimental work with one of 
these now named Counterpoint, has 
shown what seems to be considered 
unusual and worthwhile flowers. 

Spring Plum has the same general 
pattern in a different shade. 

Contradiction and Moon By Day- 
are from the same seed pod but one is 
of orchhid brown and the other blue 
and white markings. Other later cross- 
es are now on the way. 

This year, I have especially liked 
a yellow that I selected two years ago. 
It has color, size, ruffling, flare and 
substance, opens early but continues. 
The plant is good but flowers, though 
well above the foliage, bunch a bit. 

There are some violets that seem 
new and real good; some very dark 
ones in maroon or brown. Another 
that appeals to me has just off-white 
standards and light yellow falls. I like 
its ruffling, shape and carriage. 

Good blues seem hard to find with 
Ruth Nies Cabeen not holding its 
color. There is a light blue, a medium 
and one quite dark that I shall test for 
another year. 

During the past few years, there 
has been one rather marked change 
in the shape of the flowers that we 
hybridizers, at least, like best. When 
an older sort was called large, it 
might have standards and falls not too 
wide but with the falls widely ex- 
tended and usually droopy. 

Now a more compact type of flow- 
er is in favor and just where it started 
is hard to say. The flowers of today 
not only come in a greater variety of 
colors but the standards and falls are 
wider and usually quite ruffled. Hafts 
are short which helps to give a more 
flaring appearance. 



Mr. Lenz collected a great variety 
of species in Europe a few years ago 
and probably new and perhaps start- 
ling flowers may come from their use 
with these we now have. I set out 
about 750 little seedlings this spring 
from many crosses. By the time they 
have shown their colors, I will be 80 
years old and should be able to control 
my curiosity enough to be satisfied 
with ordering a few plants from other 
growers. 

But it has been fun and a lot of it 
has come from meeting people inter- 



ested in spurias and in correspon- 
dence with others as far away as 
Spurias have superior value as cut 
flowers, with several blooms opening 
in succession, and as corsages — they 
are called the poor man's orchids. 

A Spuria hybridist for many years. 
Mr. Ferguson speaks with authority 
on their propagation and on their 
great value for hot areas, even Ei 
Centro. He has established his blue 
ribbon stock in Escondido. Be alert 
to these new colored beauties for 
September planting. 



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AUGUST - SEPTEMBER.. 1964 



23 




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LA MESA NURSERY 

"Everything For The Garden" 

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PLANNED 

FOR 



PLAY 



By Dorothy Saffer 

Two Claremont gardens, landscaped 
by the owners with prime considera- 
tion for their children's outdoor acti- 
vities, were open to the public in May, 
on the Third Annual Spring Tour of 
the Clairemont Woman's Club. 

Councilman and Mrs. Jack Walsh, 
of 4020 Mt. Brundage, have suited 
their canyon lot to the needs of a 
baby girl, five boys 2 to 6 years old 
and their playmates. The covered 
patio adjoining the living room on 
the west overlooks the garden scene 
and becomes the entertainment cen- 
ter for the entire family. Just beyond 
is a graveled play area equipped with 
swings, trapeze and a unique missile 
nose cone, a "junior spaceman's" de- 
light. Here the activities of small 
children may be supervised from any 
part of the grounds. 

Specimen plants, mostly tropicals, 
border the redwood fence on the south 
while colorful petunias and flax 



mingle on the right side of this sec- 
tion as it slopes down to the grass- 
covered plot on the edge of the can- 
yon. Over a period of two years Mr. 
Walsh filled in this lower portion, 
which doubles the size of the back 
yard. Under two of the five olive trees 
in this part of the garden is a picnic 
table with benches. Numerous varie- 
ties of succulents are in the flower 
beds along the back fence. Other trees, 
strategically placed in the lawn, chal- 
lenge the climbing skills of the boys 
and provide the necessary shade for 
their play during the hot afternoons. 

The farthest reclaimed area is 
screened from the house by hibiscus 
and a large Washington Palm in a cir- 
cular rock planter. In that corner, 
where the noise is somewhat dimin- 
ished, is the children's own domain, 
for imaginative and active play, with 
lookout posts, forts and olive trees 
to hide in, and the real climbing bars 



DON'T BE A 
LITTERBUG! 




Photograph by Mrs. Michael Ginger 
Walsh garden view, from children's play-yard. 



24 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 












5*«gllgpl 



*J*S> i . 






ij^saaw***!^^^ 













It.. ^ ^*- 




Kaczur garden showing fishpond. 

by the grapestake fence. Here also, 
heavy cement slabs make a rustic 
raised firepit for the bonfires or bar- 
becues that always seem to draw the 
family circle closer. 

The garden of Mr. and Mrs. Harry 
Kaczur, of 5011 Northaven Avenue, 
is entered through a very large patio 
covered with fiber glass. This offers 
ample space for lounging and dining 
furniture as well as a ping pong table. 
The decorative stone floor was laid, a 
section or two at a time, by the home- 
owners. A popular spot is the well- 
designed circular firepit for outdoor 
cooking bordered by a handy "L"- 
shaped bench. Three "do-it-yourself- 
ers," a boy of 8 and two girls, 11 and 
15, added the attractive fishpond, com- 
plete with goldfish and waterfall. 
Spaces were left in the stonework to 
fit gallon cans so the plant decor can 
be changed as desired. Plenty of out- 
door lighting and electrical units per- 
mit extensive enjoyment of the patio 
which is enlivened with fuchsia, fern 
and succulent hanging baskets, and 
pots of begonias, clivias and cymbi- 
diums. 

For privacy the extensive back yard 
is enclosed by a high redwood fence 
which also acts as a windbreak and a 
handsome background for plants in the 
two-foot high bed in front of it. This 
planter keeps acanthus, rice-paper 
plants and seasonal flowers out of the 
way of children. 

A large part of the garden is in 
lush green lawn that is an invitation 



Photograph by M 



rs. 



Michael Ginger 



to sun bathing, tumbling, wrestling, 
croquet and other lawn games. Red- 
wood edging sunk flush with the 
ground holds the grass in place so it 
is easier to care for. The same curb- 
ing holds back an angular pattern filled 
with white aggregate next to the re- 
taining wall, accented at regular in- 
tervals with citrus trees. 

Two trees with dark green foliage, 
fragrant white flowers and edible fruit 
provide shade for the main garden. 
They are Blighia sapid a, named for 
the British mariner who wrote about 
the South Seas. The natives call the 
fruit "akee." 

At the far corner of the garden, be- 
hind two low swinging doors is an 
area designated for a future lathhouse 
for Mrs. Kaczur who already has 
shelves of cymbidiums and orchid cacti 
thriving under a seran screen. The rest 
of the space serves the youngsters as 
a play yard, a small zoo for various 
pets and a growing ground for their 
vegetables and seeds. Against the 
north fence is space for a bed of cut- 
ting flowers behind a row of healthy 
fruit trees. A vegetable garden in two 
long redwood planters, raised about 
ten inches, is just outside the kitchen 
door. 



To put the r 'play" in these yards. 
imagine the two Kaczur children 
around their fishpond and the five 
lively sun-burned Walsh boys scam- 
pering all over their "activity corner." 



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you'll find a WONDERLAND OF PLANTS— 
rare begonias, philodendrons, tropicals, 
fine house plants — a wide variety of nursery 
stock, always at a peak of perfection. 

Corey Hogewoning, Prop. 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



25 



CACTUS 
HIGHLIGHTS 

IN THE 

HUNTINGTON 

GARDENS 



By Helen Marie Stegar 



This picture shows one of the many 
treats in store for those who are plan- 
ning on visting the Desert Plant 
Garden at the Huntington Library and 
Art Gallery grounds at San Marino, 
California. The Garden, one of many, 
devoted entirely to cacti and succu- 
lents, now covers ten acres. This pic- 
ture was taken by Helen Ellsberg, 
photographer, teacher, and contribu- 
tor to many national magazines, when 
she accompanied the San Diego Cactus 
and Succulent Society on a tour to the 
Garden. 

The specimen shown may be seen 
as you walk down the hill toward the 
lower section of the Garden. The 
grouping looks so very natural that it 
belies its careful planning and plant- 
ing. The barrel-like Echinocactus gru- 
sonii in the foreground are shown off 
nicely against the columnar Cephalo- 
cereus senilis and one of the Cereus 
in the extreme background. 

Common names of the Echinocactus 
are Barrel or Hedgehog Cactus. An- 
other is the compass cactus. The first 
comes understandably from its size 
and shape and the second from the 
fact that this cactus seems to grow 
somewhat faster on its shade side and 
so has a tendency to lean toward the 
south. This cactus is also called the 
Golden Barrel Cactus because of the 
golden glow that seems to permeate 
the coloring of the spines and the 
lovely crown of flowers it wears in the 
spring. 

The yellow flowers of medium size, 
with inbricated scales on flower tubes, 
circle the crown of the plant like a 
halo. The fruit, densely covered with 
white wool, is a favorite of small 
desert animals. 




The Echinocactus is very cylindrical 
with many vertical ribs covered with 
large areoles and strong spines. This 
Genera closely resembles another of 
its family, the Ferocactus. Native 
plants come from the home state of 
Hidalgo, Mexico, where they can grow 
so large that they have to be taken 
from the ground with the aid of a 
crane. Specimens often weigh hun- 
dreds of pounds, but it takes many 
years to reach this size. 

In the center of the picture are the 
cacti Cephalocereus senilis, columnar 
plants covered with white wooly hair 
at the top. This is the cactus com- 
monly called the Old Man, another 
native plant of Mexico. Its short, 
funnel-shaped flowers open at night. 
They nest in the white wooly hair 
like so many colorful birds ruffling 
their wings for flight. This plant is 
cultivated everywhere for its unique 
appearance. 



Photograph by Helen Ellsberg 



In the left background of the pic- 
ture is a stand of one of the many 
members of the Cereus genus, a cac- 
tus that grows quite large and has 
many fluted branches. 

Cacti such as these from the hot 
deserts must be watered only every 
three to four weeks during the win- 
ter, and best to do it on sunny days. 
Plant cacti on a slope to allow for 
drainage of all excessive moisture. 
Spring and summer are the natural 
growth periods for cacti, and they 
should be watered more often during 
their growing season. 



The San Diego Cactus and Succu- 
lent Society not only win blue ribbons 
but they also get around, as their staff 
editor reports. She also found a pho- 
tographer who gives an extra bonus 
with her picture. Try to locate the 
cactophile kibitzer. 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



A Calendar 

of Care 



□ DAHLIAS 



THE SHOW'S THE THING 

It's show time for San Diego's 
dahlia growers. The 24th annual two- 
day show staged by the San Diego 
County Dahlia Society will open at 2 
p.m. Saturday, Aug. 1, in Balboa 
Park's Conference Building. Sunday 
show hours are 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. A 
small admission charge is made, with 
children under 12 admitted free. Al- 
though the dahlia society is comprised 
of horticulture hobbyists and specimen 
blooms predominate at the show, a 
feature of the exhibition is a large 
arrangement section. Mrs. R. M. Mid- 
dleton, chairman of the arrangements 
committee, says the large number of 
entries shows the versatility of dahlias 
in all kinds of arrangements. Last 
year's show attracted 139 competitive 
arrangements. The number of ar- 
rangements classes has been increased 
this year. 

The show is under the general di- 
rection of Victor Kerley, president of 
the society, with W. B. Lohman the 
show manager. Assistant managers 
are Clay Finley, John C. Wright, and 
Virgil V. Brown. 

The show manager expects more 
flowers to be exhibited by more exhi- 
bitors this year than last when 86 ex- 
hibitors made 1435 entries. About 
5000 dahlias are expected to be on 
display. There were about 4500 last 
year. 

The wide variety of classes offer 
special attraction to the ordinary flower 
lover who likes to have dahlias grow- 
ing in the garden to supply color and 
cutflowers for the house. Here thev 
may look over all the current varieties 
in the size they most prefer, select 
favorites and obtain the names of the 
dahlias as a guide for growing in 
their own gardens next year. 

In addition to growing and exhibi- 
ting dahlias, the Society's hobby grow- 
ers like to talk about them, and sev- 
eral will be on duty in the show hall 



at all times to answer questions. 
Whether the questions concern culture 
or sources of supply or recommended 
varieties, the show hosts will provide 
answers. 

In addition, the show is a working 
demonstration of how to exhibit 
dahlias in competition or for home 
decoration, for bouquets or for ar- 
rangements, both formal and mass dis- 
plays. 

The show visitor will notice that 
all specimen blooms have foliage; the 
rules require at least one set of leaves. 
Stems of the larger ones will be at 
least 12 inches long and of the 
smaller, attractively proportionate. The 
flowers will be free of buds, will stand 
erect, and will face the exhibitor (the 
exhibitor hopes) . 

There are special rules for dahlias 
in the arrangements which permit 
shorter stems as required, and which 
permit use of other foliage, filler, 
figurines, and other accessories. 

Another opportunity for the average 
gardener to get better acquainted with 
dahlias is provided in the separation 
of the exhibition classes into types as 
well as colors and sizes. By actually 
comparing the blooms, it will be easy 
to detect the difference between formal 
and informal and between cactus and 
semi cactus. 

A new feature of this year's show 
will be a court of honor made up of 
the best blooms in each exhibitor sec- 
tion, from novice to open-to-all. For 
the first time a best-amateur-bloom will 
be selected, in addition to the best-in- 
show. The court of honor also will 
have the largest and the smallest, 
ranging from 15 inches down to a 
half-inch or so, and the newest in 
dahlia seedlings. 

Many of the world's top exhibition 
dahlias started as seedlings exhibited 
for their first time at the San Diego 
show. These have included origina- 
tions by R. Paul Comstock of Solana 
Beach and by Nat Lundgren of Santa 
Cruz in recent years, and other San 
Diegans and Southern California grow- 
ers in past years. 



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Nursery 

LARGEST SELECTION 
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CALL 234-5344 

121 W. Juniper-Just off First Ave. Bus 

Convenient Parking 



AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964 



->- 



Comstock, Lundgren and others are 
expected to have this year's seedling 
offerings on the bench when judging 
begins. One of Comstock's origina- 
tions, offered to the public for the 
first time this year, and to be exhibited 
at this year's show in competitive 
classes is a huge blend named John 
Gregory for a resident of Rancho 
Santa Fe. 

Other famous Comstock flowers to 
be seen include Lula Pattie, a white, 
which has won many largest-in-show 
trophies in the last three years, and 
the ball-round yellow First Lady, top 
dahlia winner everywhere for the last 
five years. 

When the visitor sees all of the 
blooms standing erect and in orderly 
lines on the benches he will be seeing 
the reason for a year-around hobby 
followed by the dahlia society's mem- 
bers and by many other dahlia grow- 
ers. 

Most of the exhibitors are men, al- 
though some of the women members 
are stiff competitors on the specimen 
tables, in addition to the arrangements 
section. 



They will have cut their flowers 
during the late afternoon and early 
evening the day before the show, plac- 
ing them immediately in deep buckets 
of air-temperature water to stage over- 
night. All foliage below the water 
line will have been removed as the 
long stems are cut. The flowers will 
have been carried to the show in the 
buckets hauled in trucks, in the backs 
of cars, or in the loving hands of the 
grower riding in the front seat. 

Each bloom will have been given 
close inspection to see that no dirt 
shows on the leaves, and that the stem 
is long enough, but not too long, and 
that the bloom faces just right when 
it is placed in a vase. Plain water will 
fill the vases. No preservatives are 
necessary for the blooms to remain 
fresh and attractive through the show, 
or on for a couple of days, for that 
matter. 

Each entry card will have been made 
out with the name of the exhibitor, 
the name of the variety, and the entry 
class. And the exhibitor will hope 
for a winner to bring home a trophy. 
Larry Sisk 
S.D. County Dahlia Society 




EXQUISITE 

BLOOMING PLANTS AT 

GARDEN CENTER 
454-424 1 

7555 EADS AVENUE • LA JOLLA 



□ FUCHSIAS 



Our rather late cool Spring has pro- 
duced some unusually fine sturdy 
fuchsia plants, as their peak bloom- 
ing season was delayed by lack of 
warm sunshine. This can give the 
grower advantages such as heavier 
bloom, bigger and more brilliant 
flowers, longer and more repeated 
blooming periods and, best of all, bet- 
ter resistance to drought, insect infec- 
tion or indifferent care. The out- 
standing advantages of well-grown, 
sturdy, healthy material are most im- 
portant to remember in choosing new 
plants for the garden. 

With the hottest part of the season 
yet to come the most essential things 
to watch now are proper moisture at 
all times, protection from too much 
sun and wind, regular and frequent 
checking of container plants for dry- 
ness (even on cool foggy days) and a 
bi-weekly fish-emulsion base feeding 
to keep plants up to par. 

Fuchsias and other plants of rain- 
forest origin are best kept moist dur- 
ing hot or windy weather by fogging 
mists into the air about them as well 
as by slow watering around the plant 
roots. After the deep watering needed 
occasionally to leach out injurious min- 
erals in our soil, more fresh soil 
should be added to replace that washed 
away. Unlike some plants, fuchsias are 



not easily overwatered in summer, 
provided they have good drainage. 

Although remarkably free from most 
plant diseases, fuchsias are afflicted by 
some of the pests found in mild cli- 
mates, especially if they are under-par 
or neglected towards the hot dry end 
of the blooming season. White fly and 
aphids may cause leaf curl, red spider 
mites and thrip are blamed for leaf 
discoloration and dropping of foliage. 
As a preventive, frequent sharp spray- 
ing with water on both under and 
upper sides of the leaves plus occa- 
sional applications of mild insecticides 
containing nicotine sulphate, pyre- 
thrum, rotenone or lindane should suf- 
fice. If an infestation should occur, 
sprays containing malathion may be 
required. For white fly, thrip, worms 
and caterpillars sometimes prevalent 
early in the season, DDT sprays are 
recommended, but remember that sen- 
sitive fuchsia plants may be defoliated 
or injured by the use of chemicals that 
are stronger than necessary. Beware 
of ants nearby or on your plants. They 
are known to give comfort and suc- 
cor to some enemy insects. 

Now is the time to enjoy our gar- 
dens and all they produce, in all their 
uses. In the current widespread recog- 
nition and popularity of fuchsias, their 
distinctive possibilities in flower ar- 
rangements, corsages and for table de- 
cor with ferns have been a pleasant 
surprise to many flower lovers. Floated 
in a big brandy snifter or crystal bowl, 
blooms of some huge new varieties 
make a striking table decoration. 

Among the few plants that bloom 
best in shady places, the fuchsia, with 
its many eye-catching colors, unusual 
new forms and aristocratic daintiness, 
adds charm to any garden. Baskets of 
light-colored varieties for dull garden 
nooks, or among big ferns, create an 
effect of restful serenity that makes 
one want to linger. If nearby there are 
the comfortable seats that every good 
garden should have, here may be your 
favorite retreat from the tensions so 
common now and an avenue towards 
the much needed peace and hopeful- 
ness that so many people seem to be 
seeking today. 

Morrison W . Doty 
S.D. Fuchsia Society 



□ ROSES 



With the proper watering and feed- 
ing and the friendly environment of 
San Diego climate, rose bushes by 
now are looking large and crowded. 
The average visitor with good reason 
remarks "I've never seen such rose 



28 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



bushes — how do you do it?" With 
our long growing season, this growth 
in itself becomes a problem unless the 
bushes are planted four feet or more 
apart. But if this is done, an occasional 
straggler makes an uneven appearance 
in the bed. It is preferable, in my 
opinion, to plant closer together (30 
36 inches) and then try to keep things 
under control. 

Continuing disbudding all year, al- 
lows freedom when blooms are cut 
to remove long growth to a reason- 
able height. If the bush is spreading 
at all, cut to an inside eye to force 
the bush up and not out. Prune any 
unproductive "twiggy" growth from 
the lower part of the bush. This tends 
to open the inside of the bush and give 
better ventilation. However, don't re- 
move any good basal breaks that look 
as if they are going to amount to 
something. Considerable judgment 
should be used in this mid-summer 
pruning. If the bush is not crowded 
and is not growing rampantly — leave 
it alone. It probably needs all the 
leaves it has for food production. 

Mid-summer presents no special 
problems otherwise. With hot dry 
weather, make sure there is plenty of 
water. You can evaluate the need very 
easily by having a few sticks in the 
soil to a depth of about eight inches 
and then pull them out once in awhile 
to see if the clinging earth is still damp 
appearing. If not, it is watering time 
and then put the equivalent of one or 
two inches in the bed. 

Mildew and rust are always a threat 
and warm weather is red spider time. 
With Acti Dion-PM for the former 
and Cygon for spider and thrip, a 
healthy rose bed is easier these days. 
Dust with any good rose dust a couple 
of times a month (from above) to 
give beetles and other chewing insects 
something to think about. Dust should 
be used in addition to the other two. 
By itself it never did anything for me 
in controlling mildew, rust, thrip or 
spider. 

If you are a real rose enthusiast, you 
know by this time that the two 1965 
All America Rose Selections are Mister 
Lincoln and Camelot. Both are prod- 
ucts of the great California team of 
hybridizers, Herbert Swim and Ollie 
Weeks. Mister Lincoln is a velvety 
red hybrid tea — a cross between 
Chrysler Imperial and Charles Mal- 
lerin. It is supposed to surpass both 
parents in fragrance — no mean feat if 
true. Camelot is a cross of Circus and 
Queen Elizabeth and is described as a 
coral pink grandiflora. It is supposed 
to have an intense attar of roses frag- 
rance which would make it one of the 



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AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1964 



29 




DEL MAR COUNTY FAIR — Tuberous begonia exhibit by Howard Voss. Photo Courtesy Del Mar County Fair 

Those who enjoyed the tuberous begonias at the Fair will be happy to see the above portion of the big first prize 
blooms from Fncimtas. The Men's Garden Club, kept up its exhibition record by winning another chest-expanding rib- 
bon. The San Diego Cactus and Succulent Society scored a double header, two blues with two entries! Geroge Evans 
was in there with his usual restful and artistic shade gardens. There was a notable improvement in the entries of 
the newer garden clubs. That long row of Desert gardens proves Bob Lamp's showmanship in laying out floor 
spaces. The new Bonsai displays were another attractive addition. The whole caliber of the Garden show was execel- 
lent. Incidently. the resourcefulness and equanimity of Bob Lamp. Show Manager, even under most trying and press- 
ing conditions, deserves the highest praise. 



few fragrant grandifloras. This re- 
porter has no personal knowledge of 
these roses, so we must wait and see if 
they live up to expectations. I looked 
for them in Rose Hills, Descanso Gar- 
dens and Exposition Park but either 
missed them or didn't recognize the 
trial number. Perhaps by next issue I 
can give a first hand report. Fragrant 
roses are more than welcome. 

Dr. Donald A. Wilson 
President, S.D. Rose Society 

□ CAMELLIAS 

Summer has promoted new sets of 
bud growth for our coming flowering 
season. On many varieties you prob- 
ably noted single, dual or cluster buds 
on the spring tip growth in early 
June. As they gain size it would bene- 
fit the plant and the quality of the 
bloom to thin the crop down to a 
single bud or not more than two (one 
early and one late) on each stem. 

If you completed the second appli- 
cation of fertilizer by July first dark 
green glossy leaves should now indi- 
cate a natural and healthy state of 
growth. The third and final applica- 
tion, as is normally done, finds Sep- 
tember first a good time to meet the 
season's food demands, in addition to 
careful watering. 

Pinching the tip out of new sum- 
mer growth can do much toward mak- 
ing shapely plants without too much 
sacrifice of wood. 



If you followed a grafting program 
to add a few favorites to your collec- 
tion they should now be uncovered 
and new growth hardened. Light 
watering is a good practice for a while 
until more leaf structure is developed. 
No fertilizing is really best advice for 
several months. When the grafts have 
knitted well, tree seal may be applied 
on the unions. Some staking and ty- 
ing is a good idea unless they have 
developed properly. 

All plants, young or old, are prey- 
to the aphids and cheivers. As ad- 
vised earlier, apply a regular spray 
with some of the many recommended 
materials at three to four week inter- 
vals. 

Harvey F. Short 
S.D. Camellia Society 

□ BEGONIAS 

A few years ago the writer of this 
column told all the wrong things the 
recipient of a tuberous begonia gift 
did to that plant until it died. This 
description of how she followed the 
nurseryman's instructions to care for 
a new plant furnishes exact and timely 
advice again . . . 

You learn that the plants should be 
kept moist, but not wet; that they like 
a location that is protected from the 
wind, but with a good circulation of 
air. They like sunlight, but filtered 
sunlight, so that the sun will not be 
on any one part of the plant for too 



long a time. You learn, also, that 
when the instructions on a bottle of 
fungicide-insecticide call for a stated 
amount, you are to use that amount 
only, and not more; that it is better to 
err on the side of not enough, rather 
than on the side of too much. The 
plant will need to be fed when it is 
growing vigorously; again, the instruc- 
tions on the container should be fol- 
lowed, and not overdone. 

You are told that in the fall a be- 
gonia will begin to go into its resting 
period. Indications of this are the 
smaller flowers it will produce, and the 
way the leaves will tend to grow 
down, rather than stand upright. This 
is the time to begin withholding some 
of the moisture to let the top die 
back. When the top is dry, and the 
stem comes off, you put the pot aside 
for a few weeks, dump it out, and dis- 
cover that the potato-like tuber which 
has given you all of this beauty was 
growing in a very light, loose mixture. 
You have followed your nursery- 
man's advice, and have enjoyed your 
tuberous begonias all season, and when 
they have been dumped out of their 
pots, you carefully lift the tubers, set 
them aside to dry completely, and 
store them in a dry, dark location un- 
til the next early spring. 
^ Of course, you're going to try again. 
You did very well after a bad start. 
Next summer you can be the giver. 

Margaret M. Lee 
A. D. Robinson 
Begonia Society 



30 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



San Diego Floral Association 

FLORAL BUILDING, BALBOA PARK 

(Under the sponsorship of 
The Park and Recreation Dept., City of San Diego) 

Third Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres. Mr. Stanley W. Miller 444-8141 
1590 E. Chase Ave., El Cajon 
Flower Arrangers' Guild 
First Thursday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. John Casale 465-099" 

9372 Loren Drive. La Mesa 



AFFILIATE MEMBERS 1964 

Alfred D. Robinson Begonia Society 
Third Friday, Homes of Members, 10 a.m. 
President: Mrs. Clayton Lee 296-4845 

3911 St. James PL, S.D. 3 
Rep. Dir.: Mrs. Anuta Lynch 298-1400 
202 Lewis, S.D. 3 
Astro Garden Club 
First Wednesday, Floral Bldg., 8 p.m. 
President: Arnold W. Carroll 276-1579 

1911 Erie St., S.D. 
Rep. Dir.: J. E. Henderson 274-1754 

3503 Yosemite, S.D. 9 
Civic Center Garden Club 
Meets every Thursday 12m to 1 p.m. 
Garden House, Grape and 101 Civic Center 
President: James Saraceno 274-2628 

3366 Lloyd St., S.D. 17 
Rep. Betty Elias 415-3385 

8121 Hudson Drive, S.D. 19 
Class of San Diego Bonsai Society 
Fourth Sunday, Floral Bldg., 1 p.m. 
Rep.: Crandall Condra 295-4920 

1212 Upas, S.D. 3 
Convair Garden Club 
Second Wed., Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
President: Danny Blum 582-2983 

4730 Baylor Drive, S.D. 15 
Rep. Henry F. Boyd 264-1283 

6581 Broadway, S.D. 14 
Men's Garden Club of San Diego Co. 
Fourth Monday, Floral Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
President: James A. Kirk 748-3870 

15131 Espola Road, Poway 
Rep. Roy C. Lawton 422-177? 

719 First Avenue, Chula Vista 
Mission Garden Club 
Meets First Monday 8 p.m. 
Barbour Hall, Pershing and University 
Pres.: Dr. R. J. McBride 264-1444 

7878 La Mesa Blvd., La Mesa 
Rep.: Mrs. J. W. Jenkins 296-4756 

1421 Vine Street, San Diego 3 
Organic Gardening Club 
Third Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Kenneth E. Thacker 442-6356 

1635 Grove Road, El Cajon 
Rep. Mrs. Hermine Hilkowitz 296-2282 
1756 Mission Cliffs Dr., S. D. 16 
Point Loma Garden Club 
First Friday, Silver Gate Savings & 
Loan Bldg., Ocean Beach, 10:00 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Lind Davenport 222-4601 

4430 Longbranch, S.D. 7 
Rep. Myrle Patterson 224-15" 7 2 

4310 Piedmont, S.D. 7 
San Diego Cactus & Succulent Society 
First Saturday, Floral Building, 2 p.m. 
Pres.: Wm. C. Hoffman 448-061" 

981 Bradley Avenue, El Cajon 
Rep. Burr Cloutte 295-4296 

4780 Arizona Ave., S.D. 16 
San Diego Camellia Society 
Second Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Althea Hebert 466-3389 

8845 Country Club PI., Spring Valley 
Rep.: Mrs. Lester Crowder 295-5871 

3130 Second St., S.D. 3 
SD-Imperial Counties Iris Society 
Meets 3rd Sunday, Floral Bldg.. 2:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Brooks Lawson 745-1720 

P.O. Box 288, Valley Center 
Rep. Mrs. N. R. Carrington 453-3383 
6283 Buisson Street. S.D. 22 



S. D. Chapter Calif. Ass'n Nurserymen 
Fourth Thursday, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Charles Richards 

930 Fifth Ave.. Chula Vista 
Rep. John Basner 273-4636 

4731 Conrad Ave., S.D. 17 
San Diego County Dahlia Society 
Fourth Tuesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Victor Kerley 224-1884 

3765 James St., S.D. 6 
Rep.: Dr. J. W. Troxell 282-9131 

4950 Canterbury Drive, S.D. 16 
San Diego County Orchid Society 
First Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Jack Dramis 448-0823 

1027 Hacienda Drive, El Cajon 
Rep. Elizabeth A. Newkirk 274-2042 
1654 La Mancha Drive, S.D. 9 
San Diego Fuchsia Society 
Second Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
President: Mrs. Walter Bunker 281-5027 

4721 Bancroft, S.D. 
Rep.: Mrs. Mary Bray Watson 
2337 Commonwealth, S.D. 4 284-2669 
San Diego Rose Society 
Third Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Dr. Donald A. Wilson 454-0890 
8355 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla 
Rep.: Mrs. Felix White 264-4440 

5282 Imperial Avenue. S.D. 14 

OTHER GARDEN CLUBS 

American Begonia Society 
San Diego Branch 

Fourth Monday, Barbour Hall, University 

& Pershing, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leah Jones 284-2514 

3734 40th St., S.D. 5 
San Miguel Branch 
First Wednesday, Youth Center, Lemon 
Grove, 7:30 p.m. 
President: Mrs. Edward Hodgins 444-8477 
1729 Montgomery Rd., El Cajon 
Carlsbad Garden Club 
First Friday, VFW Hall, Carlsbad, 
1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Doris Simpson 729-1515 

1075 Chinquapin Ave., Carlsbad 
Chula Vista Fuchsia Club 
Second Tuesday, Norman Park Recreation 
Center, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. William Hook 422-6322 

133 I, Chula Vista 
Chula Vista Garden Club 

Meets Third Wednesday, 1:30 p.m. 
C. V. Woman's Club Bldg, 357 G St.. C.V. 
Pres.: Mrs. Lester J. Efird 479-5379 
P.O. Box, 356, Bonita 
Clairemont Garden Club 
Meets Third Tuesday, 9:30 a.m. 

Place announced at each meeting. 
Pres.: Mrs. R. N. Zeich 276-0551 

4221 Cessna, S.D. 9211" 
Coronado Floral Association 
Meets Third Wednesday, 8 p.m. 
Christ Church Parish Hall, Coronado 
Pres.: Comdr. Phillip H. Dennley 

339 B Ave., Coronado 435-5337 
Cross-Town Garden Club 
Third Monday, Barbour Hall, University 
& Pershing, 8 p.m. 
President: Charles Williams 284-2317 
4240 46th, S.D. 15 
Crown Garden Club of Coronado 
Fourth Thursday, Red Cross Bldg., 1113 
Adella Lane, 9:30 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James P. Coleman 435-8602 
1020 Encino Row, Coronado, Calif. 
Delcadia Garden Club 
First Wednesday, Encinitas Union 

Elementary School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Edwin C. Pickett 753-3890 
1068 Devonshire, Encinitas 
Dos Valles Garden Club (Pauma Vly.) 
Second Tues., Members Homes, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. J. C. Potter 745-0302 

Valley Center 



Escondido Garden Club 
Third Fri., Women's Club House, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leonard H. Cooper 744-0550 
1011 W. Encinitas Rd., San Marcos 
Eva Kenworthy Gray Br. (Begonia) 
2nd Sat., 1:30 p.m., Seacoast Hall, Encinitas 
President: Walter Watchorn 722-3501 
1450 Hunsaker, Oceanside 
Fallbrook Garden Club 
Last Thurs., Fallbrook Woman's Club- 
house, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Elmery Yocubets 728-2432 
1040 N. Orange, Fallbrook 
Grossmont Garden Center 
Second Mon., Grossmont Center, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. L. E. Elson 469-8009 

3451 Calavo Drive, Spring Valley 
Hips and Thorns (Old Fashioned Roses) 
Meets three times yearly. 
Pres.: Roy C. Lawton 422-1775 

719 First Ave., C.V. 
Imperial Beach Garden Club 
3rd Tues., So. Bay Com. Center, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leonor Gish 424-7182 

630 Alabama, Imperial Beach 
Lakeside Garden Club 
3rd Mon., Lakeside Farm School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. W. R. Kuhner 443-3163 

P. O. Box 561, Lakeside 
La Mesa Woman's Club (Garden Sec.) 
Third Thursday, La Mesa Woman's Club. 
1:45 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. J. Holland Noel 463-6795 
8415 Kappa St., La Mesa 
Lemon Grove Woman's Club 
(Garden Section) 
First Tuesday, Lemon Grove Woman's 
Club House, 1 p.m. 
Chairman: Mrs. O. R. Patterson 
8396 Golden, Lemon Grove 466-5242 
National City Garden Club 
Third Wednesday, National City 

Community Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
President: Henry Dell 284-7346 

4912 Mansfield, S. D. 16 
O. C. It Grow Garden Club 
Second Wednesday, S. Oceanside 

School Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James E. Flynn 722-3509 
1809 So. Home St., Oceanside, Calif. 
Pacific Beach Garden Club 
Meet second Monday, 7:30 p.m. 
Community Club House, Gresham 
and Diamond Sts., Pacific Beach 
Pres.: Mrs. Ethel Hansen 273-3501 

3504 Ethan Allen, S.D. 17 
Poway Valley Garden Club 
Second Wed., 9:30 a.m. Members Homes 
Pres.: Mrs. Wm. C. Crosjean 748-3464 
13821 Savage Way, Poway 
Rancho Santa Fe Garden Club 
Second Tuesday — Club House, 2:00 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Neil J. Randol 756-1603 

Rancho Santa Fe 
San Carlos Garden Club 
Fourth Tues., Homes of Members, 1 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Brandon J. Neal 465-2682 
6702 Jackson Dr., San Diego 19 
San Dieguito Garden Club 
Third Wednesday, Seacoast Savings 
Building, Encinitas, 10 a.m. 
President: Mrs. Waldo Vogt 755-4772 
773 Barbara Ave., Solana Beach 
Santa Maria Valley Garden Club 
Second Monday, Ramona Women's 

Club House, 5th and Main, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Nelson R. Brown 789-1034 
510 Fifth, Ramona 

Springhouse Garden Club 
Third Thursday, Porter Hall, Univ. & 
La Mesa, 7:30 p.m. 
President: Mr. R. M. Frodahl 469-1933 
3852 Avocado, La Mesa 

Vista Garden Club 
First Fri., Vista Rec. Center, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James Sorenson 724-1745 
1655 Foothill, Vista 



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GOLDEN-RAIN TREE IN ZOO PICNIC AREA— SEE ZOO PLANT TOUR, WITH MAP, PAGE 16 






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